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Hormone/Target

hormone/target/effect/source PLUS feedback loops

HormoneTargetEffectSource
calcitonin bone; kidney take calcium out of the blood and store it in bone; decrease Ca2+ reabsorption thyroid
aldosterone (mineralcorticoid) kidney (distal tubule and collecting duct) reabsorb Na+ and water into bloodstream adrenal cortex
cortisol (glucocorticoid) liver, muscle; immune system breakdown of carbohydrates, fat and protein to increase blood glucose levels in times of long term stress; suppress immune system adrenal cortex
Gonadotropin Releasing Hormone (GnRH) anterior pituitary stimulate FSH and LH secretion hypothalamus
Thyroid Releasing Hormone (TRH) anterior pituitary stimulate thyroxine secretion hypothalamus
glucagon liver convert glycogen to glucose (increase blood glucose levels) alpha cells - islets of Langerhans (pancreas)
insulin all body cells; liver increase cells permeability to glucose; convert glucose to glycogen beta cells - islets of Langerhans (pancreas
gonadocorticoids many tissues in male and female secondary sex characteristics adrenal cortex
thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) thyroid stimulate thyroxin secretion anterior pituitary
oxytocin smooth muscle of uterus and breasts increase contraction of smooth muscle produced in hypothalamus; stored in posterior pituitary
antidiuretic hormone (ADH) kidney (collecting duct) increase reabsorption of water into bloodstream produced in hypothalamus; stored in posterior pituitary
follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) - female growing follicle in ovary stimulate oogenesis and estrogen production anterior pituitary
lutenizing hormone (LH) - female maturing follicle and corpus luteum in ovary stimulate oocyte maturation, ovulation, and then progesterone secretion of corpus luteum anterior pituitary
prolactin mammary glands stimulate milk production anterior pituitary
human growth hormone (hGH) long bones increased cell division (growth) anterior pituitary
adenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) adrenal cortex secretion of cortisol and aldosterone anterior pituitary
estrogen uterus; hair follicles, breasts, fat deposits, hips broader than shoulders rebuild endometrium after menstrual flow phase; develop secondary sex characteristics at puberty growing follicle in ovary
progesterone uterus thicken/maintain endometrium after ovulation corpus luteum in ovary
testosterone hair follicles, oil glands, larynx, muscle, shoulders broader than hips; Sertoli cells in seminiferous tubules develop secondary sex characteristics at puberty; spermatogenesis interstitial cells of testes
prostaglandins Chapter 14 smooth muscle of uterus increase strength and frequency of uterine contractions uterus
inhibin Chapter 14 hypothalamus; anterior pituitary inhibit FSH secretion to slow spermatogenesis Sertoli cells in seminiferous tubules
human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) Chapter 15 corpus luteum of pregnancy maintain corpus luteum for first trimester chorion layer of embryo and then placenta
epinephrine; norepinephrine pupils; salivary glands; heart; bronchioles; digestive system; liver reinforce sympathetic nervous system "fight or flight" response to stress adrenal medulla
follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) - male Sertoli cells in seminiferous tubules stimulate spermatogenesis anterior pituitary
lutenizing hormone (LH) - male interstitial cells stimulate testosterone production anterior pituitary
parathyroid hormone (PTH) bone; kidney; small intestine release calcium into bloodstream parathyroids
Created by: biology030