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Notes on adv &voc.

Jenney's First Year

Vocative, when used and how to find what is vocative Used for speaking directly to someone, n/adj in vocative=person being spoken to, n/adj is just after beginning, usually second or third place (quō, vergilī, ... Or : in Asiam, mī fiīlī,...)
Vocative, declensions? Declines normally like nominative,except singular of second declension nouns which end in -us, and masculine singular of -us, -a, -um adjectives, which are formed by adding -e to the base (bone amīce, magne nūntie, lēgāte Trōiāne)
proper names into vocative? Vergilius, fīlius- drop -us and lengthen i (Vergilī and fīlī)- these look like th genitive and accent remains where it would be if the word ended in -ie (Vergi'lī, not Ver'gilī)
Irregular masculine vocative singular of meus, mea, meum (adj)
Greek derived first declension names like Aenēās and Anchīsēs into vocative Regular first declension vocative like puella- Aenēa, Anchīsa
Formation of Adverbs Adverbs normally made from adjectives of the first and second declensions by adding -ē to the base (altē=deeply)
Exceptions to rule for formation of adverbs Adverbs for good and bad, bonus and malus, are respectfully been and male, not bonē and malē
Created by: VanWhit