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Science Fall Final

Lessons 1-12 and Experiment Parts

Organism living thing
biology STUDY of living
All living things... are made of cells, reproduce, exchange gases, produce waste, regulate their bodies, breakdown nutrients for energy, and respond to stimuli or to their environment
Taxonomy the study of classification
Two scientist that developed the microscope? Leeuwenhoek and Hooke
What is the diameter of the field of view on medium power? 2.0 mm
What is the diameter of the field of view on high power? 0.2 mm
What classifications make up an organisms' scientific name? Genus and species
Which level of classification has the most members? Kingdom
total magnification on HIGH power 400x
total magnification on MEDIUM power 100x
The part of the microscope that changes magnification? objective lenses ** know where this is on microscope
What part of the microscope changes the amount of light? diaphragm **know where this is on microscope
raises and lowers the stage fine and course adjustment knobs **know where this is on microscope
parts of an insect head, thorax and abdomen six legs exoskeleton
Black worm uses blood to .... carry nutrients and waste
Earthworms and black worms have these in common. segmented bodies, tiny bristles (chaetae/setae) for moving, regeneration,
The process that happens because an exoskeleton does NOT grow. molting. Cabbage white butterflies larva molts.
Do cabbage white butterflies go through metamorphosis? yes, during chrysalis
Why do we not release the cabbage white butterflies outside after they come out of chrysalis? they are an invasive species here.
Our ponds went through a series of changes. What is this called? succession
Life cycle of the cabbage white butterflies. egg, larva, chrysalis, adult
Characteristics of asexual reproduction DNA identical (same) as parents, requires only one parent, budding is an example, most common method of reproduction for blackworms
characteristics of sexual reproduction DNA that is different from the parents, creates unique offspring (genetic variation), occurs with fertlization
What are some reasons that seeds do NOT germinate? too much water, too cold, not enough water, or a fungus
Seed leaves that provide energy for a DEVELOPING plant are called ________________. Cotelydons
Where does transpiration occur? in the stomata of a leaf
What is release by the stomatal unit during transpiration? oxygen and water
What do desert plants have to prevent water loss in dry climate? they have adapted by having a thicker cuticle
What is transpiration? water loss through the cuticle of a leaf
What two processes have to happen for a plant to produce a seed? First, pollination and then fertilization.
What is the process that forms a seedling after a dormant seed absorbs water? germination
Cross-pollination occurs when pollen from the anther of a plant goes to the stigma of another plant
The pigment in a cell that captures the sun's energy for photosynthesis? chlorophyll (is in chloroplast)
A rigid outer covering found in most plants cells cell wall
Flexible covering that lets substances in and out of the cell cell membrane
contains chromosomes, control center of cell nucleus
green, performs photosynthesis chloroplast
jellylike filler that holds organelles cell membrane
Two organelles that are sometimes found in plant cells but NEVER in animal cells cell walls and chloroplast
Chromosomes are found in the nucleus and are made of ______________ and ______________. DNA and protein molecules
Why do chromosomes duplicate during Interphase? So that the daughter cells will have the same genetic information after they split.
Do cells grow between cell division? Yes, cells grow during Interphase
What helps the chromosomes move in mitosis? spindle fibers
List correct order of the cell cycle IPMAT (Interphase, prophase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase)
How many chromosomes do humans have? Humans have 46 chromosomes.
What are two important characteristics of a Paramecium? cilia and oral groove
What two protists have chloroplast? Euglena and Volvox
Vertebrate an organism with a backbone
Bacteria belong to _____________ kingdom. They are found in the Monera kingdom.
Independent variable What is being tested or what "I" change
Dependent variable the results or what changes because of the experiment
What kind of graph do you use when showing changes over time? line graph
What kind of graph do you use to show a relationship between two things? Scatter plot
How was selective breeding used in fast plants? by replanting only the seeds that flowered and produced seeds the fastest.
Created by: solgarcia