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Living environment

THEORY Proposed explanation for a wide variety of observations and experimental results
FACTS Scientific facts are verified by repeatable experiments.
VALID If something is valid, it's consistent with the available evidence
DATA facts or figures to be processed; evidence, records, statistics, etc. from which conclusions can be inferred; information
VARIABLE single factor that has a change
SCIENTIFIC METHOD a method of research in which a hypothesis is tested by means of a carefully documented control experiment that can be repeated by any other researcher
HYPOTHESIS Proposed explanation or answer to a scientific question
CONTROL which no change is made in a scientific method
MAGNIFICATION The process of enlarging the size of something, as an optical image
EUKARYOTIC cell with a true nucleus
PROKARYOTIC cell with no nucleus
UNICELLULAR organisms with only one cell
MULTICELLULAR more than one cell
BIOTIC living factor
ABIOTIC nonliving factor
ORGANISMS Any individual living thing
ADAPTATION Inherited trait that is selected for over time because it allows organisms to better survive in their environment
HOMEOTASIS Maintaining a constant stable internal environment
METABOLISM all chemical processes that synthesize or break down materials within an organism
PERMEABLE is a material that allows liquids or gases to pass through.
ACTIVE TRANSPORT energy molecules is required
PASSIVE TRANSPORT energy molecules is not required
DIFFUSION Movement of molecules from high concentration to low concentration
OMOSIS Diffusion of water molecules
CELL Basic unit of the life
ORGANELLES Small organelles having distinctive functions
VIRUSES they are not made up of cells
CYTOLOGY study of the cell
TAXONOMY branch of biology specializing in organizing living things
GENUS The first name of the organism
KINGDOM Largest categories
Phylum second largest categories
SPECIES Narrow of an organism
BIOCHEMESTRY the branch of science concerned with the chemical and physicochemical processes that occur within living organisms
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS compounds containing two of both substances CARBON AND HYDROGEN
INORGANIC COMPOUNDS compounds that contain one of both or CARBON OR HYDROGEN
ENZYMES Molecules that control the rule of chemicl reactions .
PROTEINS Organic compounds made up of carbon, hydrogen , oxygen , nitrogen , and sulfur
LIPIDS Help with insulation , padding and protection for feathers and skin.
CARBOHYDRATES provide the body with instant energy
POLYSACCHARIDES long chain of simple sugar
DEHYDRATION Removing water to make something simple more complex
HYDROLOSIS adding water to make something simple more complex
GLYCOGEN is where extra sugar is stored
PEPETIDE a compound containing two or more amino acids.
CATALYST Speeds up or slows down a chemical reaction.
NUCLEIC ACID any of a group of complex compounds with a high molecular weight
NUCLEOTIDES building blocks of nucleic acids
GLUCOSE Simple sugar
HETEROTROPHIC take food from the environment
AUTOTROPHIC Makes its own food
PHOTOSYNTHESIS process by which plants make its food by solar energy
CHEMOSYNTHESIS Process by which plants make its food by chemical energy
Intracellular digestion Intracellular digestion is a process where cells intake materials and break them down within the cell membrane,
PERISTALSIS wavelike involuntary muscle contractions that push food through the organs of the digestive system.
Extracellular digestion is the breakdown of food into nutritional components with the use of secreted enzymes.
DIGESTION process by which , complex molecules are broken down into smaller molecules that can be used by cells.
INGESTION Taking in food from the environment .
EGESTION release of indigestible food.
ROUGHAGE Indigestible fiber, containing cellulose
CALORIE Is measured energy content in food,
CHEMICAL DIGESTION which requires enzymes to further breakdown energy.
TRANSPORT distribution of materials in\out of cells
RESPIRATION releasing chemical energy from food.
NUTRITION taking in materials from the environment into the body
SYNTHESIS building complex material from simpler ones and incorporating them into the body
EXCRETION elimination of waste product
GROWTH increase in cell number and cell size.
REGULATION all body activities that help in maintaining homeotasis.
CONSTIPATION difficult evacuation of the faeces.
CHLOROPLATS Tiny around structures in leave containing green pigment in which PHOTOSYNTHESIS OCCURS
THYLAKOID Organelles having photosynthetic membranes
GRANA stacks of Thylakoid
STROMA Spaces in the Thylakoid
CHLOROPHYLL Green pigment found in the plants that absorbs plants.
GUARD CELL Protect the plant of a dehydration
Stomata Opening in leaves
PALISADE LAYER Layer in the leaves were more foods are made.
ENERGY Is required by all living things to carry out the life functions .
CELLULAR RESPIRATION The release of energy
MITOCHONDRIA Are the places in which the glucose is converted to ATP
ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE (ATP) the energy that is use by the cells.
GLYCOLOSIS Spliting of the glucose molecule.
MACROMOLECULES Large molecules.
ABSORPTION The movement of a substance, such as a liquid or solute, across a cell membrane by means of diffusion or osmosis.
BILE Fluid released by the liver and Gallbladder into the small intestine that aids in the digestion and absorption of fats.
CELL WALL Rigid structure that gives protections, support, and shape to cells in plants, algae , bacteria and fungi.
CENTRIOLE Small cylinder-shaped organelle made of protein tubes arranged in a circle; aids mitosis
CYTOPLASM Jellylike substance inside cells that contains molecules and in some cells organelles.
ENDOPLASMIC RETICULUM Interconnected network of thin, folded membranes that produce, process , and distribute proteins.
EPIDERMIS Outermost layer of skin that consists mainly of dead skin cells, and provides a barrier to pathogens.
FATTY ACID HYDROCARBON chain often bonded to glycerol in a lipid.
POLYMER Large , carbon-based molecule formed by monomers.
RIBOSOME Organelle that links amino acids together to form proteins.
VACUOLE Organelle that is used to store materials, such as water , food, or enzymes , that are needed by the cell.
XYLEM Tissue that transports water and dissolved minerals in vascular plants.
Created by: amaya30