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Music Appreciation

FInal Exam Review

Classicism, as a stylistic period in western music, roughly encompassed the years... 1750-1820
Characteristics of music in the classical period (5) -End of Basso Continuo -Piano (gradual dynamics) -Flexible rhythm -"singable" melody -homophonic texture
Social organization of the classical period Rise of the middle class
What instruments made up the orchestra in the classical period? (5) String, pair of woodwinds, horns, trumpets, and timpani
What is the usual order of movements in classical symphony string quartets? Fast, slow, dance, fast
Components of Sonata form Exposition, Development, Recapitulation
Components of Minuet form ABA, or scherzo (too fast to dance to), triple meter, moderate tempo
Components of Rondo form ABACA, ABACABA, often used as finale, main theme is easy to remember
Beethoven greatly expanded the _______ section of the sonata form movement until it became a 2nd development Recapitulation
The classical concerto differs from the symphony in that it does not have a... minuet movement
A brilliant solo section in a concerto designed to display the performers' virtuosity is called... cadenza
How is sonata form adapeted for the concerto in the classical period? Double Exposition
An _____ is a play, set to music, sung to orchestral accompaniment, with scenery, costumes and action. Opera
A song for solo voice with orchestral accompaniment is called... ritornelli
______ refers to a vocal line that imitates the rhythms and pattern of speech. Recitative
Who is Don Giovanni? Character in an opera by Mozart who happens to be a 'man whore' and narcissistic.
What is the plot of the opera Don Giovanni? Don Giovanni was a legendary hero, hits on any woman, he creeps in Donna Anna's room rapes her and she screams her father comes, Don kills him and at the end the father comes back to life and drags Don to hell because he refuses to repent his sins.
Romanticism in western music roughly encompassed the years... 1820-1900
The composer whose career was a model for many romantics was... Beethoven
Characteristics of Romantic Music (5) -Natural/Supernatural -Chromatic harmony -Expressive tone color -Range of dynamics, pitch, and tempo -Enlarged orchestra
How did the orchestra change in the Romantic Period? (3) -Grew in size -Double amount of instruments -Much larger brass and percussion section
The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composers own homeland is called... Nationalism
Instrumetal music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during the romantic period is called... Program Music
A ______ is an instrumental composition in several movements based to some extent on literary/pictorial ideas. Program Symphony
A______ is a one movement orchestral composition in several movements based to some extent on literary or pictorial ideas. Symphonic Poem
The word _____ is commonly used for a romantic art son with German text. Leid
An art song is a musical composition for what "instruments"? Solo voice and piano
When the same music is repeated for each stanza of the poem the form is known as... Strophic
When a composer writes new music for each stanza of a poem the form is known as... through-composed
Franz Schubert's songs number more than.. 600
Schubert was 18 when he composed the Erlking, set to a poem by... Wolfgang con Goethe
The form of the Erlking is... through-composed
The pianos relentless rhythm in the Erlking unifies the episodes of the song and suggest the... galloping of the horse
The Erlking, in Schubert's song of the same name, is a personification of what? Death
Describe the characteristics of music in the 20th century (6) -Percussive sounds -Extreme pitch range New instrumental techniques (col leg no-hitting string with wood part of bow) -Emancipation of dissonance -Polytonality/atonality -Irregular/Unpredictable rhythm
The most famous riot in music history occurred in Paris in 1913 at the first performance of what piece of music? The Rite of Spring
What is a 4th chord? Chord 4th of a step away rather than a 3rd
A chord made up of tones only a half or whole step apart is known as... tone clusters
The absence of key or tonality in a musical composition is known as... atonality
Impressionism as a movement originated in what country? France
Important impressionist composer? Claude Debussy
Two important impressionist painters? Monet and Renoir
Stravinsky met director of a Russian ballet in 1909, his name was... Sergei Diaghilev
Stravinsky's second phase is generally known as... Neoclassical
Le Sacre du Printemps (The Rite of Spring) is an example of what musical style? Primitivism
What is a Ostinato? Musical phrase repeated over and over in a composition
Stravinsky dramatically changed his style in 1950 to favor what musical style? Serial procedures
What term is used to describe the special ordering of the 12 chromatic tones in a 12 tones composition? Polychord
Schoenberg developed an unusual style of vocal performance, halfway between speaking and singing called... Sprechstimme
What new (and old) directions did music take after 1945? (3) -Increased use of 12 tone system -Liberation of sound -Electronic music
What is chance/aleatoric music? Music that just happen to be made (by chance)
What are characteristics of minimalist music? (3) -Simplicity -tonal -repetition of musical cells
The prepared piano was invented by what 20th century composer? John Cage
Created by: haley.christel21