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Chapter 11

Medical Terminology - Respiratory

In the term tuberculosis, the root tubercul means: a little swelling
The central portion of the thoracic cavity, between the lungs, is a space called the: mediastinum
The air cells of the lungs are the: alveoli
In the term aphasia, the root phas means: speech
A disease of the bronchi characterized by wheezing, dyspnea, and a feeling of constriction in the chest is: asthma
In the term pneumoconiosis, the combining form con/i means: cone
A ______ is an instrument used to examine the bronchi. bronchoscope
The medical term for difficulty in breathing is: dyspnea
An inherited disease that affects the pancreas, respiratory system, and sweat glands is: cystic fibrosis
A chronic pulmonary disease in which it is difficult to exhale air from the lungs is called: emphysema
In the term rhonchus, the root rhonch means: snore
In the term pyothorax, the combining form py/o means: pus
The surgical repair of the nose is called: rhinoplasty
A ______ is an instrument used to measure the volume of respired air. spirometer
The medical term for fast breathing is: tachypnea
The surgical puncture of the chest for removal of fluid is: thoracocentesis
In the term eupnea, the prefix eu- means: good, normal
Pus in a body cavity, especially the pleural cavity is called empyema
The medical term for whooping cough is: pertussis
What is the amount of air in a single inspiration and expiration called? tidal volume
The musculomembranous wall that separates the thoracic and abdominal cavity is called diaphragm
In the term anthracosis, the root anthrac means: coal
In the term orthopnea, the combining form orth/o means: straight
Inflammation of the pleura caused by injury, infection, or a tumor is: pleurisy
Inflammation of the lung caused by bacteria, viruses, or chemical irritants is: pneumonia
What is the medical word for the process of smelling? olfaction
What is the substance coughed up from the lungs called? sputum
A test performed on sputum to detect the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is: acid-fast bacilli
The visual examination of the nasal passages is: rhinoscopy
The visual examination of the larynx, trachea, and bronchi via a flexible scope is called: bronchoscopy
A chronic granulomatous condition that may involve almost any organ system of the body is: sarcoidosis
The _______ acts as a lid to prevent aspiration of food into the trachea. epiglottis
A temporary cessation of breathing is known as: apnea
The inability to breathe unless in an upright position is: orthopnea
The medical term for spitting up of blood is: hemoptysis
What is imperfect dilation of the lungs; the collapse of an alveolus, a lobule, or a larger lung unit is called? atelectasis
The internal portion of the nose is divided by a partition called a: septum
The oropharynx contains: palatine tonsils
The larynx is composed of ________ cartilages. nine
Which structure covers the entrance to the larynx during swallowing? epiglottis
A narrow slit at the opening between the true vocal folds is: glottis
The two main branches of the trachea are the: bronchi
Which pleura covers the surface of the lungs? visceral
A teenager's respiration rate is: 15-20 per minute
What suffix means condition? -osis
Which root means dark blue? cyan
The root in the term dysphonia means: voice
Hemoptysis means: spitting up of blood
An instrument used to examine the larynx is called a: larygoscope
The suffix in nasopharyngitis means: inflammation
A collection of air in the chest cavity is known as: pneumothorax
A discharge from the nose is also called: rhinorrhea
The suffix in the term thoracoplasty means: surgical repair
The combining forms in tracheolaryngotomy means: windpipe and larynx
A whistling sound caused by obstruction of the air passageway is termed: wheeze
Benadryl is considered a/an: antihistamine
A term used to describe a contagious disease caused by a bacillus and carried in airborne particles is: tuberculosis
Anthracosis black lung
Aphasia A lack of speech
Bronchiectasis Dilation of the bronchi
Cyanosis Mucous membranes appear bluish or grayish
Eupnea Good or normal breathing
Hyperpnea Excessive or rapid breathing
Inhalation The process of breathing air into the lungs
Laryngitis Inflammation of the larynx
Pharyngitis Inflammation of the pharynx
rhinoscopy visual examination of the nasal passages
rhinorrhea discharge from the nose
thoracotomy incision into the chest
tonsillectomy surgical excision of the tonsils
Cheyne-Stokes respiration A rhythmic cycle of breathing with an increase in respiration follow by apnea
epistaxis nosebleed
eu- good, normal
a- lack of
alveol small, hollow air sac
atel imperfect
bronch/o bronchi
laryng/o larynx
mes/o middle
nas/o nose
orth/o straight
tubercul a little swelling
ox oxygen
pharyng pharynx
rhin/o nose
phas speech
pneum/o air, lung
pulm/o lung
py/o pus
thorac/o chest
trache/o trachea
-cele hernia
-centesis surgical puncture
-staxis dripping
-pnea breathing
-ptysis to spit
Created by: KWOLF1