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frederick final

music appreciation

TermDefinition
music sound organized in time
rhythm temporal organization of sounds in music
beats regularly spaced rhythmic pulses
tempo speed of the beats
meter beats are grouped into regularly recurring patterns
measure groupings of beats that make up the recurring pattern
compound meter simultaneous perception of two different levels of beat
irregular/asymmetric meter grouping twos and threes in an irregular fashion
polyrhythm simultaneous sounding of more than one rhythm or meter
syncopation rhythms contradicting the underlying metric pulse, often by not lining up with the "strong" pulses that create meter
dynamics how loud or soft sounds are
timbre color of sound
orchestration the process of choosing instrumental combinations for a band or orchestral work
wind instruments sound is produced by a vibrating column of air
string instruments sound is generated by a vibrating string
percussion instruments instruments that produce a sound when struck or shaken
musical down to earth characters and plots, colloquial spoken dialogue, popular style of songs
obbligato independent melodic accompaniment
accent some beats are louder than others
sforzando an extra strong accent
fermata a sustain on a certain note of indefinite length
flat four each beat of the measure (four beats) receiving about the same stress
amjad bowed fiddle held vertically
dotara plucked four string long necked lute whose body is carved from a single piece of wood
fugue musical procedure in which successive entrances of the same theme are heard in the different instruments while the earlier entrants play free melodic material
concert music music for focused listening
swing most popular jazz style, based on large ensembles of ten or more musicians who played written arrangements that incorporated improvised solos
jazz standards songs usually associated with jazz
rock music that has emotional vocal interpretation and a heavy emphasis on the beat
rockabilly kind of hillbilly music with a sexy R&B-inspired vocal style, pop oriented lyrics, electric guitar lead, and an emphasis on the beat
enharmonic tones two different names for the same pitch
diatonic scale a seven note scale plus the octave
melody a succession of musical tones organized in a meaningful fashion
pitch highness or lowness of a sound
scales sequences of pitches
major scale all the white notes on the keyboard from one C to the other
tonic main note of the melody
minor scale white keys of the piano from a to a
melodic contour characteristic linear pattern or shape
range distance from the highest note to the lowest note
step to an adjacent note in the scale
skip movement that omits one or more notes in the scale
pentatonic scale scale that has only five pitches
chromatic scale made up of every pitch
whole-tone scale uses every other pitch
theme melody serves as a primary horizontal building material for a piece of music
form how all elements of music contribute to an overall musical shape or structure
countermelody melody that is of secondary importance to the primary melody
harmony produced whenever two or more pitches sound at the same time
oranum melody accompanied by a second part or second melody that moves parallel to it at a specified interval
interval the distance in pitch between two notes sounded together or one after the other
chord three or more notes sounded together
triad three different notes
seventh chord four different notes
chord progression different chords systematically follow each other in a piece of music
arpeggio play the pitches of the chords up and down in a sequence
key series of notes that have certain functions in relation to one another
tonality sensation of a particular chord being "home" and other chords functioning in relation to that chord
modulation process of key change
dissonance sounds that are unpleasing to the ears
consonance pleasing songs
texture the balance between the harmonic and melodic realms in a given musical work
monophonic single melody
polyphonic made up exclusively of the interwoven melodies
homophonic prominent melody supported by chords
counterpoint melodies are pitted against each other
tonal density number and kinds of voices and instruments being employed
rhythmic density amount of rhythmic activity
staff 5 lines and 4 spaces on which musical notes are written
clef french word meaning club, specifies a certain line on the staff to be a certain pitch
ledger lines additional short lines added above or below the staff
key signature a collection of sharps or flats at the beginning of a piece of music
accidental cancels the key signature temporarily
tune shorter part of a melody
phrase series of musical pitches that seem to naturally belong together
cadence stopping or settling place in music
motive musical fragment
imitative polyphony two or more melodies being played or sung simultaneously at different times with melodies being the same
non imitative polyphony two or more melodies being played or sung simultaneously at different times, with melodies being diffferent
sonata form generalized, variable three part formal design that is usually found in the first movements of symphonies, sonatas, concertos, string quartets and overtures. 1) exposition 2) development 3) re-capitulation
variation technique stated and then repeated a number of times, but each repetition is in some way a variation of the original material
ecaf fdbge treble clef/g clef
geca afdbg bass clef/f clef
opera sung drama in which singers play the roles of the characters on a suitably decorated stage
libretto text of an opera
overture orchestral number played before the curtain goes up
symphony work for orchestra that is usually in four movements and focuses on ensemble playing rather than soloists
program music some kind of description or story that was intended to be included in the concert program
sonata work for a solo instrument
concerto three movement work for soloist and orchestra
chamber music instrumental music written for a small number of players with one player on a part and the emphasis on ensemble rather than solo playing
concerto using voices and instruments together
tocatta freestyle form, hard to find a beat
fugue one part answers the other
Created by: 1663585537