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Music of the World

Music of the World's People Final. MHIS 006

TermDefinition
khandan Chanting of the Q'ran (not just spoken). Middle East
musiqi Polar opposite of Khandan (evil music). Middle East
radif Book of Persian classical music(like a fake book), play and improvise 12 different chapters, each chapter devoted to 2 scales (dastgahs). Emotional mood created by scales. Middle East
dastgah A collection or system of many short related melodies called gusheh. Middle East
daramad A gusheh with the specific function of starting an iranian dastgah performance Middle East
gusheh 10-20 secondary melodies in dastgah's. Middle East
Umm Kulthum Artist that chanted the Q'ran, spoke arabic, home grown Egyptian singer. "Voice of Egypt". Middle East
Kurdistan Not an actual country, where kurds live (Middle of Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria). Mountain people with 1 scale music. Middle East
maqam 7 note scale (sounds like western major scale except for notes 3 and 7). Muslim call to prayer is often recited using this scale. Middle East
kamancheh Bowed fiddle. Fairly small, thin sound. dry and brittle sound. Sounds like violin. Middle East
sehtar 4 stringed no high pitch and has a flute like long neck. Middle east
tar deep tuned, less refined and looks like the inside of the piano. Middle East
santour 3-4 stringed trapezoid shaped instrument. All tuned to the same pitch. Small mallet hammers to hit each string. Middle East
dombak (zarb) Percussion drum, goblet shaped, big or small and deep sound in the middle while a high sound on the outer sides. Middle East
ney (nai) In-blown flute, breathy, not a lot of tone. Folk instrument. Middle East
zorna Very loud, double reed (oboe), looks like flute with trumpet end. Tip in mouth blown hard, outside instrument and found in Kurdistan. Middle East
pishdaramad Intro, all instruments play, heterophony (play at the same time), santor, tar, dumbak (camanche instruments). Middle East
chahar mezrab Usually solo, fast, out of rhythm, no steady beat, santor, more khan dan (middle) in suite short piece. Middle East
avaz Mostly sung, rare instrumental, like khan dan (out of rhythm), improvisation basedon melodies, woman singing. Two types: Chest voice and Head voice (men often sing avaz). Middle East
tasnif Traditional song, heterophony in instruments, singing, sounds western, clear beat, 3 meter, composed music and more musiqi style. Middle East
reng Fast instrumental dance, musiqi side, variety of sounds, taboo to khan dan music. Middle East
Hula Kahiko Ancient music and dance. Prior to the Europeans, singing and chant. Dancing with little clothes. Polynesia/ Hula and Tahitian drumming
Hula 'Auana Modern Hula, harmony to music, more clothing cover and westernized. Polynesia/ Hula and Tahitian drumming
mele Story of a song, chant itself and motions of the dancer tell a story. Polynesia/ Hula and Tahitian drumming
ipu heke Used in Hula Kahiko, instrument, Polynesia
to'ere Log drum, iron wood (very hard) and played with triangle sticks, fast complicated rhythms. Polynesia/ Hula and Tahitian drumming
vivo Nose flute, nose to be the purest part.Polynesia/ Hula and Tahitian drumming
Merrie Monarch Festival Competitions, annual festival, Super Bowl of Hawaiian music. Invite-only festival, has both Hula Auana and kahiko. Polynesia/ Hula and Tahitian drumming
Jake Shimabukuro Incredible ukulele player. Polynesia/ Hula and Tahitian drumming
sitar Sympathetic strings, guitar looking, huge, thick neck, bass made of dried pumpkin, curved bridges across strings. India
sarangi Hindustani bowed violin looking, sympathetic strings, sound alike sitar. India
bansuri Hindustani flute and mellow. India
tabla Drums, multiple sounds with tar in the middle. India
tambura 4 stringed instrument. India
vina 7 stringed, long necked loot. India
sarod Stringed instrument, guitar looking, sympathetic strings that echo. India
mridangam Two-headed drum, heavy sound, does not have range of the tabla, south Indian music. India
tala Rhythmic cycle. India
raga Expressive modes, the scale. India
Hindustani tradition Traditional Indian music from North India
Karnatak tradition Traditional Indian music from South India
Vedic chants Ancient poetry, influential to hindu religion, chanted in a particular way but never recited, steps to a raga. India
sympathetic strings Each of a group of additional wire strings fitted to certain stringed instruments to give extra resonance. India
alap – jor – jhala - gat Tabla starts rhythm. The first part of the elaboration of the raga called alap.The function of jor (literally means 'join') rhythm starts. Jhala increase in tempo repetition. Gat (crazy fast). India
kriti Part of the song when the drums come in, and the soloist plays the predetermined song that the performance was based on. Songs unique to the Southern tradition, composed. India
Thyagaraja Composer, 19th century. India
Ravi Shankar Famous Sitar player, taught beatles member to play sitar, India
Ali Akbar Khan established school in Northern California. India
Salmon Rushdie author, uses humor, wrote Midnight's Children and Santanic verses, India
Bollywood Makes a lot of movies, long films with music, dance, melodrama, traditionally very censored, India
pallavi–anupalavi-caranam Palavi= composed, reframe. Anupallavi= composed, reverse reframe, comes back to 1st Caranam= free improvise that ends with palavi. India
scruti Considered the smallest interval of pitch that the human ear can detect. India
gamelan A set of instruments unified by their tuning and particular carving and painting patterns. The instruments are mainly bronze gongs and met allophones.One bronze smith makes all the instruments. Indonesia
gender xylophone with bronze keys, played with mallets and hammers, Indonesia
bonang Gongs that are laid flat, used in gamelan, Indonesia
kendang Large drum laid on its side, Indonesia
suling In-blown flute, high sound, Indonesia
rebab Bowed string instrument, Indonesia
gong ageng Biggest gong in a gamelan and where the spirit of the gamelan resides, Indonesia
pélog 7-note scale, Indonesia
sléndro 5-note scale, Indonesia
kecak (ketjak) Gamelan style vocally, traditionally done at a healing ceremony, Indonesia
colotomic pattern The way a rhythm is organized, 16, 32, etc. beat cycle,Gong ageng sounds on last beat of cycle, Indonesia
gamelan gong kebyar Balinese style to an extreme, flashy, Indonesia
wayang kulit Shadow puppets, accompanied by gamelan, Indonesia
Javanese style A style more traditional, slower, Indonesia
Balinese style A style more for entertainment, fast, complex patterns, sudden changes, Indonesia
Ballads Songs that tell stories, passed down orally, very dramatic with a lot of death, European Folk
Chieftains 1960s, traditional keltic and english music, European Folk
The Pogues Irish band, early in punk genre, European Folk
Troubadours/Trouveres wrote folk songs for nobility, European Folk
cantor Solo male singer for a Jewish service, uses a mournful sound, European Folk
Klezmer Generic term for Jewish music, band music, clarinet used as cantour, European Folk
flamenco guitars with fast strumming, usually accompanies dance, uses hand percussion instruments, singing influence from Middle East, European Folk
fado Portuguese, sounds like the blues, slow, European Folk
Bela Bartok Composer from Hungary, one of the 1st enthnomusiclogists to Hungarian Folk music, European Folk
Claude Debussy 1st modern composer, influenced by asian music, wrote static music, experimented with penatonic scale, Blendings
John Cage Studied Zen Buddhism, interested in silence, infamous piece "4'33" which is complete silence, the music is the noise from the audience, influenced by gamelan, he wrote for prepared piano, Blendings
avant garde Music heard in 20th century after WWII, makes you question whether this is music, Blendings
prepared piano putting things (strews, rubber, paperclip, etc) inside the strings of a piano to change the sound, Blendings
Toru Takemitsu Part of avant garde movement, wrote for western orchestras, November Steps is most famous piece , Blendings
Lou Harrison Part of avant garde movement, California composer who wrote for gamelan and western instruments, Blendings
Steve Reich Part of the minimalism movement, he learned African drumming and added that technique to his own music, Blendings
Phillip Glass Part of the Minimalism movement, He liked gamelan and Indian music, collaborated with Ravi Shankar and made Ragas in the minor key, Blendings
minimalism Movement that occurred in Mid 1960s to 1970s which took something small and amplified it, Blendings
Oregon A band with Jazz musicians that includes Indian instruments, Blendings
John McLaughlin Formed a modern rock band called Mahavishnu, Blendings
Shakti A band with John McLaughlin playing guitar and two Indian musicans, influenced by Indian music, Blendings
Tan Dun raised in China, studied Chinese Folk music, writes for Western Orchastras, Blendings
Rudresh Mahanthappa Learned Indian music after he was an established jazz musican, Blendings
Bela Fleck progressive banjo player, went to Africa to study Banjo roots, Blendings
Anoushka Shankar Ravi Shankar's daughter, works with artists from different genres, Blendings
Muddy Waters Late 1940s-1950s blues artist, "Houchie Couchie" American Roots
Robert Johnson 1930s blues artist, had his own take on 12 bar blues, 1st blues artist to be recorded. Died at 27 with alcohol poisoning, thought to have sold soul to the devil, American Roots
Leadbelly He was discovered by Lomax who got him out of prison. 1950s blues artist, American Roots
Woody Guthrie He captured the working man's experience during the great depression & dust bowl. Songs usually have dark lyrics with a happy voice, American Roots
Pete Seeger He dropped out of Harvard to play banjo professionally. Blacklisted as a communist so he did children's albums,American Roots
Almanac Singers political activism music group with Pete Seeger, Woody Guthrie, and others,American Roots
blues derived from Jazz, American Roots
bluegrass the coming together of fiddle tunes, church hymns, and guitar playing. Fast music with vocal harmonies,American Roots
Bill Monroe Was a member of the Bluegrass boys, one of the 1st bluegrass players. American Roots
Carter Family Trio who sang church hymns and traditional folk music. Band broke up and June Carter was a part of the 2nd group. American Roots
Hank Williams 1st country singer, died young from alcohol poisoning, American Roots
Les Paul Guitar Player, invented the solid body electric guitar, American Roots
Created by: jazzisaur