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Digestive System

Digestive System in Humans

QuestionAnswer
Esophagus Carries food, liquids, and saliva from the mouth to the stomach
Small intestine digestion lipase assisted by bile from liver and nuclease all enzymes predominantly from the pancreas
Stomach Produces and stores hydrochloric acid
large intestine Holds waste products until elimination can occur its main function is to absorb
Gallbladder Stores the bile until the body needs it
Bile Purpose is to help the small intestine break down fats
Pancreas Produces pancreatic juices, which help break down carbohydrates, proteins and fats in the small intestine
Liver Does many things for the body but its main function in digestion is to produce bile
Rectum After all of the water has been removed from the waste is stored
Anus Is the opening to the external environment and the end of the digestive system
Mouth With the help of the teeth, tongue and salivary glands
Chemical Digestion Physical breakdown of food into smaller pieces using teeth and tongue to move it around Proteins, fats, and carbohydrates
Enzymes Proteins that help with the chemical digestion of food
How does the stomach perform both mechanical and chemical digestion? Mechanical - muscles in stomach Chemical - gastric juice
Trachea Anterior to the esophagus pathway to the lungs
Villi Projections that absorb the nutrients from the chyme
Nutrients Material that is absorbed by the cells
Created by: ccdpittsford