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Study Guide 2

Science

QuestionAnswer
Which of the following is not made up of cells? >A bamboo stalk >A butterfly >A computer >A person >A computer
A structure that is found in plant cells but not in animal cells is a... Cell Wall or Chloroplast
The organelles that make proteins are called... Ribosomes
A storage organelle that is usually large in plant cells but small, or absent, in animal cells is called a... Vacuole
Organs work together to make an... Organ System
The heart is an example of a(n)... Organ
The more energy a cell needs the more of these structures it has. What are the structures? Mitochondria
Which of the following contains tissues? Any Organs
The structures that are in the nucleus and pass on traits or genes are the... Chromosomes
The control center of the cell is the... Nucleus
In division of labor, each part of the organism has.. A Job To Do
The structures that supply the energy for the cell are the... Mitochondria
The outer covering of an animal cell is the... Cell Membrane
The scientific tool that allowed 17th century scientists to see organelles was the... Microscope
When cells are similar in structure and function join together, they form... Tissues
DNA and RNA are... Nucleic Acids
The structure that makes up all other organizations of living things are... Cells
Thick rod-like structures floating in the nucleus are called... Chromosomes
A structure that uses the energy of the sun to make food for a plant cell is the... Chloroplast
The small, round structures in the cell that are involved in digestive activities are the... Lysosomes
True or False Francesco Redi, a dutch scientist, was the first scientist who observed cells using a simple microscope. False
True or False Large, complex molecules called nucleic acids make up chromosomes. True
True or False Food substances are broken down and energy is released in cell organelles called the endoplasmic reticulum. False
True or False The lysosome can be thought of as the "janitor" of the cell. True
True or False The structures that make up organisms are called tissues. False
True or False Robert Hooke was the first scientist to use the term cell. True
True or False The cell wall provides support for a plant cell. True
True or False Living cells come from non-living cells. False
True or False Plant cells have cell walls. True
True or False Chloroplasts are found in both plant and animal cells. False
_____ are the basic units of structure and function in living things. Cells
The _____ forms the outermost part of a plant cell. Cell Wall
The information needed to build proteins is stored in _____. DNA or Nucleus
Cells similar in structure and function join together to form _____. Tissues
The two amino acids found in cells are DNA and _____. RNA
The organelles that break down simple food substances such as sugar and release energy are the _____. Mitochondria
Organs work cooperatively work together to form _____. Organ Systems
A group of tissues that work together to perform certain functions is known as a(n) _____. Organs
The idea that each part of an organism has a specific job to do is known as _____. Division Of Labor
Storage organelles in a cell are called _____. Vacuoles
Name and describe an experiment or activity we did during this chapter and tell me what I was trying to help you understand by doing the activity. An activity we did during this chapter was kahoot it, and by doing this activity you helped us study for the test and got the answers fresh in our minds.
Compare and contrast a plant cell and an animal cell. Plant cells are different from plant cells in which they have cell walls and chloroplast whereas animal cells do not. They have a rectangular shape while animal cells have a fluid round shape. The last difference is that plant cells have huge vacuoles.
Describe the two types of nucleic acids. The two types of nucleic acid are DNA and RNA. DNA is the nucleic acid that stores the information used to make proteins. RNA is nucleic acid that reads the message carried by DNA and guides the protein making process.
Compare and contrast cells and tissues. Cells are different from tissues in which they are single cellular organisms and cannot preform many tasks whereas tissues are made of many cells and can preform bigger tasks. Cells and tissues are similar because they both contain cells and can preform f
Animal cells do not have walls, so how do the cell walls of plants make them different from animals? The cell wall makes plant cells different from animal cells in which it provides support for the cell (plants do not have bones) and gives the plant cell structure and shape (rectangular). Finally the cell wall helps to organize the plant cell.
Created by: GabeB