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CNS: Patho

CNS Medications

QuestionAnswer
What is the central nervous system composed of? brain & spinal cord
The peripheral nervous system is made up of... nerves stemming off of CNS
The peripheral nervous system is divided into... Sensory & Motor divisions
The sensory (afferent) division of the PNS is... receptors TO CNS (ex: touching a table)
The motor (efferent) division of the PNS is... FROM CNS to nerves (ex: how to move)
The motor (efferent) division of the PNS is divided into... Autonomic nervous system & Somatic nervous system
The Autonomic nervous system controls... reflexes, breathing (involuntary)
The Somatic nervous system is... voluntary (ex: you tell yourself how to do it; ex: taking notes)
The Autonomic nervous system is divided into... Sympathethic & parasympathetic division
The Sympathetic division controls _______ & produces _______ & _________ fight or flight...epinephrine & norepinephrine
The Parasympathetic division controls _______ & produces _________ rest & digest...acetylcholine
Activation of the sympathetic division includes the following, physical signs...(7) 1.) dilated pupils 2.) inhibits flow of saliva 3.) accelerated heart beat 4.) dilates bronchi 5.) inhibits peristalsis & secretions 6.) conversion of glycogen to glucose (to get energy) 7.) inhibits bladder control (so we don't pee our pants)
Neuromuscular blocking agents are used to: (3) 1.) assist with sedation during anesthesia 2.) control seizures 3.) suppression of gag reflex (during intubation)
Muscle relaxants & antispasmodic agents are used to...(3) 1.) control muscle spasticity related to muscle injury 2.) muscarinic agonists (urinary retention)...help PEE 3.) muscarinic antagonists (neurogenic bladder)...prevent from peeing
Created by: amydawsonpool13