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Miller Science

Earth Science

TermDefinition
Geology the scientific study of the Earth's history and structures
Geologist a person who studies the Earth and the materials it is made of
Property something you can observe, such as size, color, shape, or texture
Mass the amount of matter an object contains- you weigh a mock rock using a balance to determine its mass
Circumference the distance around a circular object
Diameter the distance across a circular object
Depth is how thick an object is from top to bottom
meter tape measures linear dimension (distance)
Balance measures mass
Mineral a pure earth material that cannot be broken down into other materials.
Rock a solid earth material made up to two or more different minerals.
dissolved when a solid material is put in liquid, and the solid seems to disappear, we say the solid dissolved in the liquid
Evaporate when a liquid left in the open air changes from a liquid to a gas form
crystal the solid form of a material that has a characteristic shape or pattern
identify to identify an object, you match the object with its description
hardness a property of minerals. Hard minerals score high in the scratch test. A measure of a mineral's ability to scratch other minerals.
Calcite a common rock forming mineral
Flourite a mineral
Gypsum a mineral used to make plaster
Quartz a common rock-forming mineral
What properties can help us tell on rock from another? color, shape, size and texture
Why do geologists try to look carefully at the different properties? They are trying to identify the rocks
What is the difference between rocks and minerals? Rocks have at least two or more minerals in the rock Minerals are a pure earth material that can't be broken down into other minerals.
How can you separate the dissolved salt from the water. Putting it in a dish and letting it sit and evaporate, then that way we could see the salt
What is a mineral? A mineral is a pure earth substance. Minerals are made of only one material.
Created by: OHES grade 4
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