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WES Oceans

QuestionAnswer
the amount of Earth's water found in the oceans 97%
the amount of Earths surface covered by water 71%
water containing many dissolved salts; the most abundant type of water found on Earth salt water
One of the largest estuaries in the United States located off the coast of Virginia Chesapeake Bay
describes a mixture of salt and fresh water brackish
a partly enclosed coastal body of water where salt and fresh water meet. They are called the "nurseries of the sea" estuary
a low-lying area of land regularly flooded by salt water at high tide salt marsh
the high point on a wave crest
the regular rise and fall of ocean water caused by the gravitational pull of the moon and sun tide
the low point on a wave trough
a wave, produced by an earthquake on or near the ocean floor, which builds up to great heights as it moves into shallow water tsunami
a disturbance, often caused by wind, seen on the surface of water wave
the river-like movement of water in the ocean current
a warm water current that travels by the east coast of the U.S. and crosses the Atlantic moving towards Europe Gulf stream current
the saltiness of water salinity
a small submarine used by scientists to study the deep Submersible
a living thing that gives off light bioluminescent
tiny algae and animals that float in water and are carried by waves and currents plankton
the flat, shallow part of the ocean floor near the coast is the continental _________________ shelf
What increases as you dive deeper into the ocean Water pressure
Besides light and life, what also decreases as you dive deeper into the ocean? temperature
the deepest part of the ocean trench
the steep drop-off from the continental shelf to the deep part of the ocean is the continental _________ slope
What are the plant-like plankton called: phytoplankton
What are the animal-like plankton called: Zooplankton
The distance on a wave measured from crest to crest wavelength
The wave measurement that tells how tall a wave is amplitude
When two of earth's plates are moving apart, they create a _______________ boundary divergent
When two of eath's plates are moving TOGETHER, they create a _________________ boundary convergent
When two of earth's plates are sliding past each other, they create a _____________________ boundary transform
There is abundant life above the continental shelf because _________________ reaches the bottom there. sunlight
Gravity from the _____________ and sun cause the tides to rise and fall twice a day. moon
What is the main cause of waves wind
What is the deepest trench in the ocean Marianas trench
What runs down the middle of the Atlantic ocean mid-ocean ridge
The ______________ of the earth is the main cause of ocean currents. spinning
_________ water currents start near the equator warm
_________ water currents start near the poles cold
Created by: PRO Teacher lit123