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Clinical Research

Clinical Research Quiz 3 pt 2

TermDefinition
Axial coding 2nd level of grounded theory; process of categorizing, recategorizing, and condensing 1st level codes by connecting categories with its subcategories
Basic social process (BSP) central social process merging through an analysis of grounded theory data; it involves an evolving process of coping or adaptation
Categorization scheme
Componential analysis comparing and contrasting terms in a domain
Conceptual files physical files w/ coded excerpts of data relevant to specific categories
Constant comparison procedure in grounded theory analysis where newly collected data are compared continuously w/ previously obtained data in attempt to assess similarity
Core category/Central category a pattern of BEHAVIOR PATTERN that’s relevant and/or problematic for participants; the main theme of t/ research
Detailed approach ANALYZING EVERY SENTENCE in effort to grasp the essential meaning of the experience being studied
Domain analysis identifying domains, or units of cultural knowledge
Duquesne school school of phenomenology, based on Husserl’s philosophy
Editing analysis style
Emergent fit concept in grounded theory involving comparing new data and new categories w/ previously existing conceptualizations
Fit analysis in which the researcher develops categories of a substantive theory that FIT the data; Glaserian grounded theory
Giorgi’s phenomenological method method designed to capture as closely as possible the way in which the phenomenon is experienced
Glaser and Strauss grounded theory method theory that tries to account for actions in a substantive area from the perspective of those involved; researchers seek to understand actions by focusing on the main concern or problem that the individuals’ behavior is designed to resolve
Heideggarian hermeneutics ”interpretive phenomenology”; asking “What is BEING?”; stressing INTERPRETING & UNDERSTANDING—not just describing human experience; one seeks to interpret the meaning of an object like text, work of art, etc.
Holistic approach viewing TEXT AS A WHOLE in effort to grasp the essential meaning of the experience being studied
Immersion/crystallization analysis style
Level I codes/In vivo codes in Glaserian approach, a form of open coding derived directly from t/ language of t/ substantive area & have vivid imagery
Level II codes the collection of open codes from Level I substantive and vivid data into collapsed higher level codes of abstraction
Level III codes theoretical constructs – the most abstract of the 3 codes; they add scope beyond local meanings
Memos
Meta-matrix 2-dimensional device used in a mixed methods study permiting researchers to recognize import patterns & themes across data sources
Open coding in 1st stage of constant comparative analysis, captures what's going on in data; may be actual words used by participants; researchers ask, “What category or property of a category does incident indicate?”
Qualitative content analysis t/ analysis of narrative data to identify prominent themes & patterns; involves breaking down data into smaller units, coding & naming the units according to represented content, & grouping coded material based on shared concepts.
Quasi-statistics a tabulation of the frequency w/ which certain themes or insights are supported by the data
Recontextualization
Selective approach PULLING OUT KEY STATEMENTS & PHRASES in effort to grasp the essential meaning of the experience being studied
Selective coding coding only data related to core variable
Substantive codes
Taxonomic analysis selecting key domains and constructing systems of classification (taxonomies)
Taxonomy system of classification
Template
Template analysis style
Theme an abstract entity that brings meaning and identity to a current experience and its variant manifestations
Theme analysis uncovering cultural themes
Theoretical codes codes providing insight into how substantive codes relate to each other
Authenticity extent to which researchers fairly and faithfully show a range of realities
Confirmability a criterion for integrity referring to the objectivity or neutrality of the data & interpretations
Creativity challenges to traditional ways of thinking, as demonstrated through innovative approaches to collecting, analyzing, & interpreting data
Credibility in QUALITATIVE research, the confidence in the truth of the data (in QUANTITATIVE research, the like term is internal validity)
Dependability in QUALITATIVE research, the stability of the data over time & conditions; (in QUANTITATIVE research it’s reliability)
Data triangulation the use of multiple data sources for the purpose of validating conclusions
Explicitness the ability to follow the researcher’s decisions and interpretive efforts by means of carefully maintained records and explicitly presented results
Inquiry audit scrutiny of data & supporting documents by an external reviewer
Integrity t/ ongoing self-reflection and self-scrutiny to ensure that interpretations are valid and grounded in the data
Member checks t/ provided feedback to participants about emerging interpretations, and getting participants’ reactions; import technique for establishing the credibility of qualitative data
Method triangulation using multiple methods of data collection about the same phenomena
Negative case analysis process where researchers revise their interpretations by including cases that appear to disconfirm earlier hypotheses; goal is to continuously refine hypothesis or theory until it accounts for all cases
Peer debriefings sessions w/ peers to review and explore various aspects of the inquiry
Persistent observation the researchers’ focus on the characteristics or aspects of a situation or a conversation that are relevant to the phenomena being studied
Sensitivity t/ degree to which the research was done in a manner that reflects respectful sensitivity to and concern for the people, groups, and communities being studied
Stepwise replication
Theory triangulation using competing theories or hypotheses in analyzing and interpreting the data
Thoroughness adequacy of data as a result of sound sampling and data collection decisions (saturation), as well as the full development of ideas
Transferability t/ potential for findings to have applicability in other settings or groups
Trustworthiness the degree of confidence QUALITATIVE researchers have in their data; it’s assessed using credibility, transferability, dependability, confirmability, & authenticity
Prolonged engagement t/ investment of sufficient time collecting data to have an in-depth understanding of the people under study; to test for misinformation and distortions, and to ensure saturation of key categories; HELPS BUILD RAPPORT
Created by: Fukanwa