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Chapter 10

Medical Terminology - Blood & Lymphatic System

QuestionAnswer
The life span of an erythrocyte is: 80-120 days
In the term lymphedema, the suffix -edema means: swelling
The fluid part of the blood is called: plasma
A protein substance that is produced in the body in response to an invading foreign substance is called: antigen
In the term anaphylaxis, the suffix -phylaxis means: protection
What is the iron-containing pigment of red blood cells called? hemoglobin
Excessive bleeding, bursting forth of blood is called: hemorrhage
Excessive amounts of sugar in the blood is called: hypoglycemia
In the term erythropoietin, the root poet means: formation
In the term lymphadenitis, the root aden means: gland
An abnormally large erythrocyte is called: macrocyte
A medical condition in which there are too many RBC's is: polycythemia
The clear, yellowish fluid that separates from the clot when blood clots is: serum
In the term monocyte, the prefix mono- means: one
In the term leukocyte, the combining form leuk/o means: white
In the term hematocrit, the suffix -crit means: to separate
In the term hemochromatosis, the root chromat means: color
The medical term for a tumor of the thymus is: thymoma
A blood enzyme which causes clotting by forming fibrin is: thrombin
What type of blood cell plays an important role in the clotting process? thrombocyte
An agent that works against the formation of blood clots is: anticoagulant
In the term vasculitis, the root vascul means: small vessel
____ is the engulfing and eating of bacteria. Phagocytosis
Cells that transport oxygen and carbon dioxide are: RBC's
Platelets are commonly called: thrombocytes
Sphere-shaped cells containing nuclei are called: leukocytes
The fluid portion of the blood is termed: plasma
The principal component of lymph is: fluid from plasma
Humoral immunity is a major defense against: bacterial infections
The second phase of the body's immune response to a foreign substance involves ____ of the body's defense. initiation
Transportation of oxygen may be compromised by the decrease of: hemoglobin
The term agglutination is defined as: a process of clumping together
An unusual allergic reaction to foreign proteins is termed: anaphylaxis
The root in the term anticoagulant means: clots
A blood clot that is carried through the blood stream is termed a: embolus
The medical term that describes the formation of red blood cells is: erythropoiesis
The suffix in fibrin means: fiber
A genetic disease in which iron accumulates in the body's tissue is called: hemochromatosis
Excessive calcium in the blood is termed: hypercalcemia
Leukapheresis is: a separation of white blood cells from the blood
A condition of too many red blood cells is termed: polycythemia
A hereditary anemia occurring in populations bordering the Mediterranean Sea and in Southeast Asia is called: thalassemia
A hematocrit test is done to: determine the percentage of RBC's in total
A test that determines the rate at which red blood cells settle in a long, narrow tube is an: ESR
The reaction of the body to foreign substances and the means by which it protects the body is known as an: immune response
An abnormal accumulation of lymph in the interstitial spaces is: lymphedema
Erythropoietin is a hormone that: stimulates the production of red blood cells
Immunoglobulin is a blood protein that acts as an: antibody
There are a number of substances in lymph, but by far, the majority of lymph is: lymphocytes
A blood test performed to identify antigen-antibody reactions is: antinuclear antibodies
The blood test that includes a hematocrit, hemoglobin, red and white blood cell count and differential is: CBC
A blood test performed on whole blood to determine the percentage of RBCs in the total blood volume is: Hct
A blood test to determine the number of leukocytes present is called: WBC
A puncture of the ear lobe or forearm to determine the time required for blood to stop flowing is: bleeding time
An unusual or exaggerated allergic reaction to foreign proteins or other substances is called: anaphylaxis
The process whereby fluids and/or medications (IVs) escape into surrounding tissue is known as: extravastion
In the term autotransfusion, the prefix trans- means: across
A blood clot carried in the bloodstream: embolus
The destruction of RBCs: hemolysis
Individual hypersensitivity to a substance: allergy
The fluid part of the blood: plasma
The process of clumping together: agglutination
A blood protein capable of acting as an antibody: immunoglobulin
A condition of deficient amounts of sugar in the blood: hypoglycemia
The control of bleeding: hemostasis
A substance that inhibits blood clotting: heparin
Surgical excision of a blood clot: thrombectomy
A condition in which pathogenic bacteria are present in the blood: septicemia
A clear, colorless, alkaline fluid lymph
A blood cell corpuscle
A hormone that stimulates the production of RBCs erythropoietin
Created by: KWOLF1