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Chapters 4-9

Medical Terminology

The medical term for skin tags is: acrochordon
Excessive flow of oil from the sebaceous glands is called: seborrhea
A physician may refer to a scar left after the healing of a wound as a: cicatrix
The medical term for a bedsore is: decubitus
The medical term tinea is also known as: ringworm
In term avulsion, the root vuls means: to pull
Dermomycosis is a skin condition caused by a: fungus
A cancerous tumor that has black pigmentation is a: melanocarcinoma
A physician who specializes in the study of the skin is a: dermatologist
The process of forcibly tearing off a part or structure of the body, such as a finger or toe is: avulsion
What is an abnormal redness of the skin occurring over widespread areas of the body called? erythroderma
Overgrowth of scar tissue due to excessive collagen formation is called a/an: keloid
In the term icteric, the root icter means: jaundice
The medical term sublingual means pertaining to: below the nail
A fungal condition of the hair is known as: trichomycosis
In the term anhidrosis, the root hidr means: sweat
The term alopecia means loss of hair or: baldness
A plastic surgeon may perform a _____ to remove wrinkles. rhytidoplasty
White spots or patches formed on the mucous membrane of the tongue or cheek are called: leukoplakia
Which term is called prickly heat and is commonly seen in newborns and/or infants? miliaria
Inflammation of the bone and joint is: osteoarthritis
The medical term for the heel bone is: calcaneus
The medical term for a fingerprint is: dactylogram
The medical term for knock-knee is: genu valgum
Abnormal anterior curvature of the spine is called: lordosis
The _____ is the shaft of the long bone. diaphysis
An opening in the bone for blood vessels, ligaments, and nerves is called: foramen
Bending a limb is called? Flexion
Lying with the face upward is called? Supination
An open fracture is called? compound
A condition of stiffening of a joint is: ankylosis
The bones of the wrist are called: carpals
A diagnostic examination of a joint where air and then a radiopaque contrast medium are injected into the joint space, x-rays are taken, and internal injuries of the meniscus, cartilage, and ligaments may be seen, if present is: arthrography
The process of recording heat patterns of the body's surface is called: thermography
Which substance is increased in gout, arthritis, multiple myeloma, and rheumatism? uric acid
The ____ level in the blood may be increased in osteomalacia and fracture healing. alkaline phosphate
Which substance(s) are present in a variety of immunologic diseases? Antinuclear antibodies
Swayback is another word for: lordosis
The solid matter in bone is known as: osseous tissue
A band of fibrous connective tissue attaching muscles to bones is a: tendon
In the term contracture, the root tract means: to draw
Muscles make up approximately _____ percent of a person's body weight. 42%
Excessive, forcible stretching of a muscle is known as an: strain
A test to measure electrical activity across muscle membranes by means of electrodes that are attached to a needle which is inserted into the muscle is: electromyography
A ___________ is the process in which a small piece of muscle tissue is excised and then stained for microscopic examination. muscle biopsy
Skeletal muscle is also known as _____ muscles. voluntary and striated
Name the muscle that rotates and laterally flexes the neck. sternocleidomastoid
The sartorius muscle _____. flexes and rotates the thigh and leg
The muscle which adducts, extends, and rotates the arm is: latissimus dorsi
There are _____ skeletal muscles. 400
_____ allows muscles to change shape by becoming shorter and thicker. contractility
In ____ muscles receive and respond to stimulation. excitability
A muscle that acts with another muscle to product movement is termed an: synergist
The primary functions of muscles are: movement, posture, to produce heat
The root in abductor means: to lead
The term ataxia means: lack of muscular coordination
The suffix in the term atrophy means nourishment and ______. development
Brachialgia means: pain in the arm
The _______ is the hardest and most compact part of a tooth. enamel
Fluoroscopic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine is called: barium enema
An endoscopic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine is: esophagogastroduodenoscopy
The x-ray examination of the gallbladder is called: cholecystography
The x-ray examination of the common bile duct, cystic duct, and hepatic ducts is: cholangiography
The direct visual examination of the colon via a flexible colonoscope is called: colonfiberoscopy
What kind of teeth are the largest of the permanent set? molar
The middle portion of the pharynx that lies between the palate and the hyoid bone is the: oropharynx
The esophagus leads from the pharynx to the: stomach
The small intestine has ____ parts. three
The first twelve inches of the small intestine is the: duodenum
The longest portion of the small intestine is the: ileum
Semiliquid food is known as: chyme
Which organ detoxifies substances? liver
Bile is considered: a digestive juice
What is meconium? first stool
The process whereby nutrients are taken into the bloodstream is known as: absorption
The suffix in appendectomy means: surgical excision
The medical term that refers to the cheek is: buccal
The root in the term catabolism means: throw
A surgical excision of the gallbladder is termed: cholecystectomy
In the term angina pectoris, the root angin means: to choke
In the sphygmomanometer, the combining form man/o means: thin
In the term electrocardiophonograph, the combining form phone/o means: sound
In the term ischemia, the suffix -emia means: blood condition
Which instrument is used in the meaning of an arterial blood pressure? sphygmomanometer
Noise, a sound or venous or arterial origin, heard on auscultation is called: bruit
The heart is divided by a partition called the: septum
Blood is transported from the right and left ventricles to all body parts by the: arteries
The valve between the right atrium and the right ventricle is the: tricupsid valve
Another name for the mitral valve is: bicupsid valve
The passage of oxygen and nutrients to the body takes place in the: capillaries
The sinoatrial node, the atrioventricular node, and the atrioventricular bundle are specialized ____ of the heart. neuromuscular tissue
The average heartbeat for an average adult is between: 60-100
An ______ records the electrical activity of the heart. ECG
The most common site for taking a pulse is at the _____ artery. radial
A sphygomomanometer is used to: measure blood pressure
A pulse pressure over ____ points and under ____ points is considered abnormal. 50/30
The process of removing blood from a vein is called: venipuncture and phlebotomy
The development of the fetal heart is usually completed during the first ____ of intrauterine life. 2 months (8 weeks)
Created by: KWOLF1