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Chapter 7

Medical Terminology - Muscular System

A wide, thin, sheetlike tendon is known as an: aponeuorsis
Smooth muscle is also called: visceral
The medical term or pain the arm is: brachialgia
A chronic disease characterized by muscular weakness is known as: myasthenia gravis
To knead, apply pressure and friction to external body tissues is known as: massage
The point of attachment of a muscle to the part that it moves is called: insertion
In the term amputation, the root amputat means: to cut through
The _____ muscle raises and rotates the arm: deltoid
In the term dermatomyositis, the combining form my/o means: muscle
A condition with widespread muscular pain and debilitating fatigue is known as: fibromyalgia
In the term quadriceps, the prefix quadri- means: four
In the term tenodesis, the suffix -desis means: binding
In the term intramuscular, the prefix intra- means: within
In the term diathermy, the root therm means: hot, heat
In the term hydrotherapy, the suffix -therapy means: treatment
In the term tenodynia, the suffix -dynia means: pain
A muscle having three heads with a single insertion is called: triceps
The surgical removal of a limb, part, or other appendage is: amputation
The medical term for a lack of muscle tone is: flaccid
In the term rheumatism, the root rheumat means: discharge
In the term torsion, the root tors means: twisted
In the term myomalacia, the suffix -malacia means: softening
The ______ is a partition that separates the chest and abdominal cavities. diaphragm
A term used to describe the muscles immediately surrounding the shoulder joint is: rotator cuff
A protein found in muscle cells is called: lactic dehydrogenase
Movement of each joint through its full range of motion is what type of exercise? Range of motion
What is the treatment of choice for soft tissue injuries and muscle injuries? cryotherapy
The _______ position is where the body is erect, head facing forward, arms by the side with palms to the front. anatomic
A band of fibrous connective tissue attaching muscles to bones is a: tendon
In the term contracture, the root tract means: to draw
Muscles make up approximately ____ percent of a person's body weight. 42
Excessive, forcible stretching of a muscle is known as a/an: strain
Skeletal muscle is known as ____ muscles. Voluntary and striated
Name the muscle that rotates and laterally flexes the neck. Sternocleidomastoid
The sartorius muscle _____. Flexes and rotates the thigh and leg
The muscle which adducts, extends, and rotates the arm is: latissimus dorsi
There are _____ skeletal muscles. 600
_____ allows muscles to change shape by becoming shorter and thicker. Contractility
In _____ muscles receive and respond to stimulation. Excitability
A muscle that acts with another muscle to produce movement is termed a/an: synergist
The primary function of muscles is: movement, posture, and to produce heat
The root in abductor means: to lead
The term ataxia means: lack of muscular coordination
The suffix in the term atrophy means nourishment and ______. development
Brachialgia means: pain in the arm
The term dactylospasm is defined as: cramp of a finger or toe
A chronic disease characterized by a progressive muscular weakness is: mysathenia gravis
Myokinesis is defined as: muscular motion
The medical term for softening of muscle tissue is: myomalacia
The suffix in myoplasty means: surgical repair
The root in myosarcoma means: tumor
Inflammation of muscle tissue is termed: myositis
A tumor of striated muscle tissue is known as a: rhabdomyoma
The root mast in sternocleidomastoid means: breast
A pain in a tendon is termed: tenodynia
The position used for patients with dyspnea is: orthopneic
Which position is used as a reference in designating the site or direction of a body structure? Anatomic
A muscle that counteracts the action of another muscle: antagonist
Pertaining to within a muscle intramuscular
Slowness of motion bradykinesia
A muscle that raises a part levator
Muscle weakness myasthenia
Suture of a muscle wound myorrhaphy
Softening of muscle tissue myomalacia
Pertaining to under the control of one's will Voluntary
Lack of muscle tone flaccid
Paralysis affecting many muscles polyplegia
Pertaining to certain muscles that work together synergetic
Surgical binding of a tendon tenodesis
A state of tiredness occurring in a muscle as a result of repeated contractions fatigue
Bodily postures or attitude position
An artificial device, organ, or part such as a hand, arm, leg, or hip prosthesis
hydro- water
brady- slow
con- together
dys- difficult
poly- many
tri- three
brach/i arm
cleido/o clavicle
dactyl/o finger or toe
erget work
fasc a band
my/o muscle
rhabd/o rod
sarc/o flesh
stern/o sternum
ten/o tendon
tort/i twisted
-asthenia weakness
-ceps head
-kinesia motion
-tome instrument to cut
-rraphy suture
-ure process
FROM Full range of motion
LOM loss of motion
MS musculoskeletal
IM intramuscular
ROM range of motion
NSAIDS non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
WT weight
TPW total body weight
Ht height
Created by: KWOLF1