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NALS Chapter14_75499

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Acquittal In criminal Law, a finding of not guilty
Arraignment The hearing at which the accused is brought before the court to plead to the criminal charge in the indictment
Arrest The actual restraint of a person for submission to custody
Bail Security given for the release of a jailed person that guarantees his or her attendance at all required court appearances
Bill of Particular A motion by a criminal defendant that request details concerning the offense charged
Capital cases Felony case punishable by death
change of venue Moving a trial to a new location
Collateral attack collateral attack refers to when a separate and new lawsuit is filed to challenge some aspect of an earlier and separate case when an obvious injustice or unconstitutional treatment occurred in the earlier case
Complaint The original pleading by which an action is filed in court
Crime An act in violation of the penal laws of a state or the United States and for which a specific punishment is prescribed
Felony any offense punishable by death or by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year
Grand Jury a jury, normally of twenty-three jurors, selected to examine the validity of an accusation before trial.
Indictment A written accusation issued by a grand jury against a defendant
Misdemeanor A criminal offense lesser than a felony and punishable by for fine or imprisonment for less than one year
No Bill the result returned by the grand jury when there is no probable cause to believe that a crime has been committed
Probation Sentence imposed for commission of crime in which a convicted criminal is released into the community under the supervision of a probation officer in lieu of incarceration
Substantive criminal law Action in litigation which disposes of controversy without trial, when there is no genuine of material fact
Surety A person or entity who posts bond for another
True Bill The document returned by a grand jury if probable cause exist to believe a crime has been committed
Undertaking
Warrant A warrant issued by a judge when the judge finds that probable cause exist to believe the named individual has committed a criminal offense.
Created by: Labria