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CH 14 897586

Chapter 14 Vocab

Acquittal In criminal law, a finding of not guilty
Arraignment The hearing at which the accused is brought before the court to plead to the criminal charge in the indictment
Arrest The actual restraint of a person for submission to custody
Bail Security given for the release of a jailed person that guarantees his or her attendance at all required court appearances.
Bill of Particulars A motion by a criminal defendant that requests details concerning the offense charged.
Capital Cases A felony case punishable by death
Change of Venue When the trial itself if moved to a different court
Collateral Attack The means by which a criminal defendant, after exhausting direct appellate remedies, seeks to attack the conditions of his or her confinement or otherwise indirectly attack his or her conviction
Complaint The original pleading by which an action is filed in court
Crime An act in violation of the penal laws of a state or the United States and for which a specific punishment is prescribed.
Felony Any offense punishable by death or by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year
Grand Jury A body of citizens assembled to receive complaints an accusations in criminal cases, to hear evidence, and to determine whether probable cause exists that a crime has been committed and whether an indictment should be issued.
Indictment A written accusation issued by a grand jury against a defendant.
Information A written accusation against the defendant
Misdemeanor A criminal offense lesser than a felony and punishable by fine or by imprisonment for less than one year.
No Bill The result returned by a grand jury when there is no probable cause to believe a crime has been committed.
Probation Sentence imposed for commission of crime in which a convicted criminal is released into the community under supervision of a probation officer in lieu of incarceration.
Substantive Criminal Law
Surety A person or entity who posts bond for another.
True Bill The document returned by a grand jury if probable cause exists to believe a crime has been committed.
Undertaking (or bail bond) A written guaranty executed by a defendant and a surety to ensure the defendant will appear and make him or herself available to the court.
Warrant A warrant is issued by a judge when the judge finds that probable cause exists to believe the named individual has committed a criminal offense.
Created by: Jonay