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Bio

Unit 03-Cells/Cell transport

QuestionAnswer
Name the 3 parts of modern cell theory? energy, DNA, cell composition
This in plant cells change light energy into chemical energy during photosynthesis chloroplasts
What is the general term for processes of movement across the membrane that doesn’t require energy? passive transport
What is the general term for the transportation of a substance across a cell membrane that requires energy? active transport
What is the main component of the cell membrane phospholipids
What are the 3 functions that proteins can do in the cell membrane? What are the 3 functions that proteins can do in the cell membrane?
What is the term for the solution when there are the same amount of solutes outside and inside the cell? isotonic
Part of cell that packages and distributes things Golgi apparatus
What is the transport term for when a cell takes in a large non-selective amount of fluid at one time? pinocytosis
What make ribosomes nucleolus
What is the modern name for prokaryotic cells? bacteria
What 3 organelles are in plants but not animal cells? cell wall, chloroplasts, and large central vacuole
What direction (in regards to concentration) does water move? high to low
The NA/K pump is an example of active transport because it keeps a concentration _____________ of ions in order for reactions to occur. gradient
Part of the transportation system, but makes lipids and breaks down toxins smooth ER
What is the part of the cell membrane that helps prevent fatty acids from sticking together? cholesterol
What are the 4 parts of traditional cell theory? all living org composed of cells, cells basic unit of structure, cells come from pre-existing cells, organelles do specific functions
What are the 4 main characteristics of eukaryotic cells? nucleus, membrane-bound organelles, complex, came from prokaryotic cells
What controls what enters and leaves the nucleus nuclear membrane
What are the 5 organelles that all cells have? CCCRD: cell membrane, cytoplasm, cytoskeleton, ribosomes, DNA
What is the term for the solution when there are less solutes on the outside of the cell than on the inside of the cell? hypotonic
What is the term for the specific process of the movement of molecules from high to low concentration without energy with the help of proteins? facilitated diffusion
What is the transport term for when a cell takes in particles, referred to as “cellular eating”? phagocytosis
What is the term for how prokaryotic cells evolved into eukaryotic cells? endosymbiotic theory
What regulates what enters and leaves the cell cell membrane
A cell part that gives internal structure for the cell cytoskeleton
What is the term for the difference in concentration of a substance from one area to another concentration gradient
What is the term for the solution when there are more solutes on the outside of the cell than on the inside of the cell? hypertonic
A membrane-bound sac that transport substances around the cell vesicle
What type of protein does not change shape when helping molecules move from high to low concentration? channel proteins
Term for small hair-like projections that allow the cell to move cilia
What are the 4 main structural characteristics of prokaryotic cells? single DNA, cell wall, may have capsule, may have flagella
Name the 3 scientists involved with traditional cell theory? Schleiden, Schwann, Virchow
What is the term for the specific process of the movement of molecules from high to low concentration without energy? diffusion
A sac that contains enzymes that helps to digest and reuse cell parts lysosome
What is the term for bringing substances into a cell by a vesicle? endocytosis
What 2 organelles are in animal cells but not plant cells? centrioles and lysosomes
Of the phospholipids in the cell membrane, which part is hydrophilic and which is hydrophobic? polar phosphate group hydrophilic, nonpolar fatty acid hydrophobic
What is the term for the specific process of the movement of water from high to low concentration without energy? osmosis
What type of protein does change shape when helping molecules move from high to low concentration? carrier proteins
What is the term for specialized structures that carry out specific cell functions organelles
What is the 3 word term for the cell membrane that shows it is made of many different parts? fluid mosaic model
These sac’s will temporarily hold materials vacuoles
What are the 3 types of passive transport? diffusion, osmosis, facilitated diffusion
What are the 2 basic methods of active transport? vesicles and pump systems
What is the substance that fills in around the other organelles cytoplasm
What is the basic structural and functional unit of all living organisms cell
Term for a whip-like projection that allow the cell to move. flagella
What is the term for getting rid of substances from a cell by a vesicle? exocytosis
What is the term for when the concentration of a substance is equal throughout the space? equilibrium
What makes proteins ribosomes
What are the 4 main characteristics of prokaryotic cells no nucleus, no membrane-bound organelles, small and simple, first cells
What are the two other molecules in the cell membrane besides the phospholipids? cholesterol and proteins
This in plant cells holds water to help control expansion of the cell cell wall
What are 3 examples of eukaryotic cells? cholesterol and proteins
What is the term for maintaining a stable internal environment? homeostasis
What is the term for how the membrane does not allow everything to go through? selectively-permeable
A cell part that turns organic compounds into usable ATP energy mitochondria
What are the two plant organelles that control water regulation? cell wall and vacuoles
What is the control center of the cell nucleus
A cell part that organizes spindle fibers for cell division centrioles
This in plant cells is the outer layer cell wall
Part of the transportation system, but transports proteins rough ER
Created by: thompsondk