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Med Terms- 20

TermDefinition
pathogens anything that can damage the body
lymphocytes white blood cells that carry out many functions of the immune system. these cells are concentrated throughout the lymphatic system
lymphatic system includes lymph nodes, tonsils, thymus gland, and spleen
spleen destroys worn out blood cells
adenoids pharyngeal tonsils
tonsils lymph tissue
adenoidectomy surgical removal of adenoids
immunogenic producing protection
lymphedema lymph swelling
lymphocyte lymph cell
lymphaden/o lymph gland
lymphadenopathy disease of lymph nodes
lymphangiogram record of a lymph vessel
pathologist one who studies disease
phagocyte eating cell; type of monocyte
splenomegaly enlarged spleen
thymus gland necessary for proper development of immune system in early life
thymic pertaining to the thymus gland
tonsillectomy surgical removal of the tonsils
tonsillitis tonsil inflammation
AIDS; acquired immunodeficiency syndrome later stage of HIV
allergy hypersensitivity to a common substance
anaphylactic shock life-threatening condition caused by a severe allergic reaction
antihistamine medication blocks effects of histamine released by body during allergic reactions
ANA; antinuclear antibody titer blood test that determines number of antibodies against cell nuclei present in bloodstream; present in autoimmune conditions
autoimmune disease results from body's immune system attacking its own cells; examples include systemic lupus erythematosus and sarcoidosis
corticosteroids used as medication to treat autoimmune diseases due to their very strong anti-inflammatory properties
cytotoxic cells cells capable of physically attacking and killing pathogens or diseased cells
ELISA; enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay blood test for antibody to AIDS
hives the appearance of wheels during allergic reaction
immunodeficiency also called immunocompromised
immunosuppresant medication to block certain actions of immune system
inflammation tissue response to injury
Kaposi sarcoma (KS) type of skin cancer seen in AIDS patients
mononucleosis (mono) acute viral infection of lymphoid tissue
opportunistic infection infection seen in patients with compromised immune systems
pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) opportunistic infection
sarcoidosis fibrous lesions forming in lymph nodes, liver, skin, lungs, spleen, eyes, and small bones of hands and feet
scratch test allergy test where body is exposed to allergens through a light scratch in skin
SCIDS; severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome genetic condition of children born with nonfunctioning immune system
SLE; systemic lupus erythematosus autoimmune disease in which immune system attacks connective tissue throghout the body
urticaria severe itching associated with hives
vaccination immunization
Western blot test more precise than ELISA
T tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
Created by: briannasmith12