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Intro to music

Test 2

Hildegard Von Bingen german, did a lot of activities, including music: gospely, slow, women singing in high voices, chant
Chant taking every syllable and articulating it (not rhythmic) (words)(no patterns)
monophonic texture 1 melody on it's own
Drone anger note, point of reference, low constant tone
Quadrivium arithmetic, geometry, and astronomy of music
John Tavener like hildegard, takes old ideas (chant and drone) makes them modern, wrote a song played at princess dianas funeral
Expressionism uncovering and relaying extreme emotional states through means that obscure or abstract realism
Sigmund Freud created psychology
Arnold Shonberg founder of second viennese school, created atonal music, no center, all over the place
symphonic poem series of emotional states, or story, is depicted in terms of musical ideas rather than the composer implementing any one of the traditional forms to structure and composition
Anton Webern Schonberg's most sever student, non-motivic
Alban Berg most liberal student of Schonberg's, adapted ideas without being strict like Webern
amplitude dynamics, how loud or soft
frequency pitch, high or low
MIDI musical instrument digital interface (using a digital/electronic keyboard to instruct a computer to make particular sounds, or using info to do the same
virtual instrument live instruments that have been recorded one note at a time, manipulated by MIDI
multitrack reading each voice or instrument is recorded with it's own microphone, sometimes at the same time, but then brought together as a whole
mixing multiple track recording, each sound can be brought into a balance that can be manipulated
compression difference between loud and soft is decreased
gain controls the over dynamic of the track
cross-fading seemlessly edit 2 takes of the same track together
Galileo and Kepler scientifically directly affected art at the time
Dietrich Buxtenude used polyphonic texture, wrote fugues, weaved layers of music together
polyphonic texture interweaving of independent melodic strands into a coherent musical fabric
Fugue polyphonic texture that employs imitation (stretto-layer, inversion-flip, and retrograde-backwards)
Cantata short, dramatic, multiple movements, original text
oratorio synonymous to cantata, just longer
Harry Partch born in china, but american composer, lived in a garage, made random instruments
microtonal notes in between the western scale
Gesamtkunstwek total concept of how an idea should be displayed
Franz Joseph Haydn success depended on Esterhazy, who provided everything for him, created sonata form and the symphony
Nikolaus Esterhazy very rich, never wanted to hear something twice
Sonata Form exposition, development, and recapitulation
Symphony built on the idea of instrumental families to make a hierarchical ensemble, strings, woodwinds, brass, percussion/keyboard, goes fast, lyrical, moderate dance, and then very quick
Oliver Messiaen
Created by: stutt011