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Matter Notes

TermDefinition
Accuracy Being correct or precise.
Calibration Calibrating an instrument or experimental readings.
Graduated Cylinder A piece of laboratory equipment used to measure volume.
International System of Measurement An internationally accepted system of physical units.
Liquid Being in a state with a definite volume but no fixed shape.
Mass Being in a state with no definite shape.
Matter Anything that has mass and takes up space.
Meniscus A curved upper surface of a liquid in a tube.
Newton: A unit of Measurement The International System of Measurement (SI) unit of force.
Precision A fact of being precise and accurate.
Triple Beam Balance A mechanical balance.
Unit A quantity chosen in a state of terms of which other quantities may be expressed.
Volume The amount of space a substance or object occupies.
Weight A body's mass or the quantity of matter contained by it.
Mixture Matter that consists of two or more substances not chemically combined.
Pure Substance A substance made of only one kind of material having definite proportional amounts and properties.
Element The simplest type of pure substance.
Compound Two or more elements chemically combined.
Homogeneous Mixture Two or more substances not chemically combined, but appearing to be evenly blended.
Heterogeneous Mixture Two or more substances not chemically combined, and appearing non-uniform with physically distinct substances included.
Balance Equipment used to measure mass.
Boiling Point Temperature at which a liquid turns to gas.
Brittle Breaking into small pieces if bent or pressed.
Calibrate To mark off lines on measuring equipment for the desired unit.
Centimeter Cubed Cm3; A unit of volume derived from length times width times height.
Chemical Property A characteristic of pure substance that describes it's ability to change into different substances.
Compress To squeeze or press together.
Condensation Point Temperature at which a gas turns into a liquid.
Conductor A material that does not allow electricity or heat to pass easily.
Density An object's mass compared to it's volume. Mass divided by volume is density.
Deposition A gas changing into a solid without changing into a liquid.
Dissolve To break into pieces too small to be seen.
Ductile Able to be pulled into long, thin wires.
Flexible Able to bend without breaking.
Freezing Point Temperature at which a liquid turns into a solid.
Gas A state of matter having indefinite volume and indefinite shape with particles bouncing around not touching each other.
Gram An SI unit used to measure mass 1g=0.001kg there are 1000g in one kilogram.
Gram per Centimeter Cubed g/cm3; a derived unit used to measure the density of a solid.
Gram per Milliliter g/mL; a derived unit used to measure the density of a liquid.
Insulator A material that does not allow electricity or heat to pass through easily.
Kilogram The SI base unit used to measure mass. 1kg = 1000g
Kinetic Theory A physics theory that all matter is made of moving particles in random motion.
Liter The SI unit used to measure the volume of liquids.
Luster Shininess; the property of something that shines with reflected light.
Magnetic Material that is attracted to magnets.
Malleable Able to be hammered or pressed into flat sheets.
Milliliter An SI unit to measure the volume of liquids. 0.001 of a liter; there are 1000 mL in 1 Liter.
Created by: williscarlet