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CH 13 897586

Chapter 13 Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Animal Cases Tort litigation involving injuries or damages caused by animals, including livestock, domesticated wild animals, household pets, or farm animals; these cases fall under strict liability tort law.
Assault An act that creates in a person immediate fear of an attempted battery.
Assumption of risk The legal rule under which a person may not recover for an injury he or she receives when voluntarily exposing him- or herself to a known danger.
Battery A harmful offensive touching of another person
Comparative Negligence Doctrine The rule under which negligence is measured by percentage and damages are diminished in proportion to the amount of negligence attributable to the plaintiff.
Consent Agreement; voluntary acceptance of wish of another
Contributory Negligence The rule under which negligence is measured by percentage and damages are diminished in proportion to the amount of negligence attributable to the plaintiff.
Conversion Taking property that belongs to another and using it as ones own.
Defense of Property Affirmative defense in criminal or tort law when force was used to protect ones property.
Extrahazardous Activity An activity that carries the likelihood of causing some types of damage even if reasonable care is exercised.
False Imprisonment Holding a person against his or her will without legal authority.
Intentional Tort Wrong perpetrated by one who intends to break the law.
Libel In torts, damage to a persons reputation by written or published information.
Malpractice Professional misconduct or unreasonable lack of skill; a violation of a standard of care.
Negligence Failure to use care that a reasonable and prudent person would use under similar circumstances.
Privilege A benefit or advantage to certain persons beyond the advantages of other persons e.h, and exemption, immunity, power, etc
Products Liability Legal responsibility of manufacturers and sellers to buyers, users, and bystanders for damages or injuries, suffered because of defects in goods.
Recapture of Chattels A defense to personal injury claims that asserts the defendant was attempting to recover his or her, or applying the property will be lost, removed, or injured.
Self-defense The right of a person to defend his or her person, property, home or family against anyone who intends to commit a forcible felony.
Slander Damages to persons reputation by spoken information
Strict Liability Concept applied by the courts in product liability cases that when a manufacturer presents its goods for sale it is representing that the goods are suitable for their intended use.
Torts A private or civil wrong or injury for which the court provides a remedy through an action for damages.
Trespass to land Illegal entry upon the land of another.
Created by: Jonay