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Chapter 8

Medical Terminology - Digestive System

What is the first portion of the small intestine? Duodenum
In the term postprandial, the prefix post- means: after
The term duodenal refers to what part of the intestine? First part of small intestine
In the term enteritis, the root enter means: small intestine
In the term amylase, the suffix -ase means: enzyme
A chronic autoimmune disease that can affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract but most commonly occurs in the ileum is: Chron's
In the term diarrhea, the suffix -rrhea means: flow
The creation of a new opening into the colon is called: colostomy
The medical term for a toothache is: dentalgia
The medical term for indigestion is: dyspepsia
The study of the stomach and the intestine is: gastroenterology
Inflammation of the liver is: hepatitis
The medical term for belching is: eructation
The surgical incision into the abdomen is: laparotomy
Inflammation of the pancreas is: pancreatitis
A physician who specializes in the study of the anus and the rectum is called a: proctologist
In the term emesis, the root eme means: to vomit
In the term dysentery, the prefix dys- means: difficult
An accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity is: ascites
How many permanent teeth are there? 32
The teeth with sharp cutting edges are: incisors
The part of the tooth that is seen above the gum is the: crown
What is the term for black, tarry stools? melena
The medical term for body waste expelled from the bowels is called: feces
The term that means chewing: mastication
In the term halitosis, the root halit means: breath
In the term ileus, the root ile means ileum
A diseases that causes inflammation and ulcers in the lining of the large intestine is called: ulcerative colitis
What condition occurs when the muscle between the esophagus and the stomach is weak or relaxes inappropriately? Gastroesphogeal reflux disease
In the term pilonidal, the combining form pil/o means: hair
What is the hardest and most compact part of a tooth? Enamel
Fluoroscopic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine is called: gastrointestinal series
An endoscopic examination of the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine is: esophagogastroduodenoscopy
The x-ray examination of the common bile duct, cystic duct, and hepatic ducts is: cholangiography
What kind of teeth are the largest of the permanent set? molar
The middle portion of the pharynx that lies between the palate and the hyoid bone is the: oropharynx
The esophagus leads from the pharynx to the: stomach
The small intestine has how many parts? 3
The first 12 inches of the small intestine is the: duodenum
The longest portion of the small intestine is the: ileum
Semiliquid food is known as: chyme
What is meconium? first stool
The process whereby nutrients are taken into the bloodstream is known as: absorption
The suffix in appendectomy means: surgical excision
The medical term that refers to the cheek is: buccal
The root in the term catabolism means: a casting down
A surgical excision of the gallbladder is termed: cholecystectomy
When the stomach's contents back up into the esophagus it is known as: GERD
A test performed on stool to identify protozoa infestation is: O & P
Pain is a common symptom of: diverticulitis
The correct spelling of the word meaning an enlargement of the spleen is: splenomegaly
The prefix in peristalsis means: around
A surgical excision of part or all of the colon is termed: colectomy
amylase an enzyme that breaks down starch
anorexia lack of appetite
cholecystecomy surgical excision of the gallbladder
colostomy the creation of a new opening into the colon
dysphagia difficulty in swallowing
hematemesis vomiting of blood
hepatitis inflammation of the liver
pepetic pertaining to gastric digestion
postprandial pertaining to after a meal
pyloric pertaining to the gatekeeper
gavage to feed liquid or semiliquid food via a tube into the stomach
emesis vomiting
flatus gas in the stomach/intestines
halitosis bad breath
rect/o rectum
hemat blood
mal- bad
amyl starch
cirrh- orange-yellow
cheil lip
bucc cheek
chol/e gall,bile
col/o colon
dent tooth
enter/o small intestine
stomat mouth
gastr/o stomach
gingiv gums
gloss/o tongue
hepat/o liver
ile/o ileum
prand/i meal
proct/o rectum,anus
verm/i worm
-emesis vomiting
-orexia appetite
-pepsia to digest
-phagia to eat
-stalsis contraction
Created by: KWOLF1