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Chapter 5 Vocabulary

multiple alleles three or more forms of a gene that code for a single trait.
sex chromosomes carry genes that determine whether a person is male or female.
sex-linked genes genes on the x and y chromosomes.
carrier person who has one recessive and one dominant allele for a trait.
SECTION 2---genetic disorder an abnormal condition a person inherits through genes or chromosomes.
pedigree a chart/family tree that tracks which members of a family have a particular trait.
karyotype picture of all the chromosomes in a cell.
SECTION 3---selective breeding selecting organisms with desired traits to be parents of next generation.
inbreeding crossing two individuals that have similar characteristics.
hybridization breeders cross two genetically different individuals.
clone an organism that has exactly the same genes as the organism from which it was produced.
genetic engineering genes from one organism are transferred into the DNA of another organism.
gene therapy inserting copies of a gene into a person’s cells
genome all the DNA in one cell of an organism.
Created by: S730503