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lab values

N-CLEX PREP MEL

QuestionAnswer
Sodium (Na+) (Serum electrolytes) 135-145 mEq/L
Potassium (K+)(Serum electrolytes) 3.5-5 mEq/L
Calcium (Ca++) (Serum electrolytes) 8.5-10 mg/dL 4
Magnesium (Mg++) (Serum electrolytes) 1.8-3 mg/dL
Phosphorus (PO4) (Serum electrolytes) 2.5-4.5 md/dL
Glucose (fasting) (Serum electrolytes) 70-110 mg/dL
pH ABG's (Arterial Blood Gas) 7.35-7.45
PaCO2 ABG's 35-45 mm Hg (arterial)
PaO2 ABG's >80-100 mm Hg (arterial)
HCO3 (bicarbonate) ABG's 22-26 mEq/L
CL- (chloride) ABG's 85-115 mEq/L
RBCs CBC 4.2 – 6.1 MM 3
Hgb CBC 12-18 G/DL
Hct CBC 37% – 52%
WBCs CBC 4800 – 10,800 MM 3
Erythrocyte sedimentation rate CBC <20 MM/HR
Total serum cholesterol (blood lipid levels) <200 MG/DL risk for cardiac or stroke with levels >150 MG/DL is the target range for therapy been shown to decrease CV or arterial incidents
LDL (blood lipid levels) Desirable <100 MG/DL
HDL (blood lipid levels) Desired >40 for men; >50 for women
Triglycerides (blood lipid levels) Desired <150 MG/DL; <100 MG/DL is on medication
Therapeutic INR(anticoagulant therapy coagulation time) 2.0 – 3.0
Normal INR (anticoagulant therapy coagulation time) .9 – 1.2
Platelets (anticoagulant therapy coagulation time) 150,000 – 450,000 CU/MM
Albumin (liver function test) 3.8 – 5 G/DL
Ammonia (liver function test) 15 – 45 MCG/DL
Total bilirubin (liver function test) 0.0 – 1.5 MG/DL
Total protein (liver function test) 6 – 8 GM/DL
Specific gravity (urinalysis) 1.001 – 1.030
PH (urinalysis) Average 6.0 range 4.6 – 8.0
Glucose (urinalysis) Negative
RBCs (urinalysis) Negative
WBCs (urinalysis) Negative
Albumin (urinalysis) Negative
Bacteria (urinalysis) <1000 colonies/ML
Serum creatinine (renal function) 0.5 – 1.2 MG/DL
BUN (renal function) 10 – 20 MG/DL
GFR (Glomerular filtration rate)(renal function) 90 – 120 ML/min
Digoxin level (therapeutic medication monitoring) 0.8 – 2 MG/ML
Lithium level (therapeutic medication monitoring) 0.4 – 1.0 M E Q/L
Magnesium sulfate (therapeutic medication monitoring) 4 – 8 MG/DL levels are obtained 1 HR after the loading dose, then every 6 hours, maintenance dosage should be titrated to maintain a serum level of 4 – 8
Phenobarbital (therapeutic medication monitoring) 10 – 30 MCG/ML
Theophylline (therapeutic medication monitoring) 10 – 20 MCG/ML
Glucose (fasting) (blood glucose levels) 70 – 110 MG/DL
HbA1c (Glycosylated hemoglobin) (blood glucose levels) 5% of to 7% in clients who have diabetes mellitus
SaO2 ABGs 95% - 100%
Cholesterol (cardiac) Under 200
PT (cardiac) 11 – 12.5 secs Coumadin – 16 to 25 secs
aPPT (cardiac) 30 – 40 secs heparin – 45 – 80 secs
Created by: diamondgirljaz