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Anatomy Lab I: 2

test 2

QuestionAnswer
What tissues are bones made out of? Compact and spongy osseus tissue, connective tissue, adipose tissue, and cartilage. Bones also have blood vessels and nerves
Long Bones longer than they are wide. thick compact bone exterior
Short bones equal in length thick inferior of spongy bone covered by veneer of compact bone
Flat bones flat and may be curved. Thin spongy bone covered in thin veneer of compact bone
Irregular Bones Dont fit into categories
Sesamoid Bones small bones that develop in the tendons for protection against wear and tear
Epiphysis proximal and distal ends of the bones
Diaphysis shaft
What forms the exterior of long bones and most of diaphysis? Compact bone
What layer lines the interior of the diaphysis? spongy bone
metaphyses areas of adult bone where the epiphysis and diaphysis join
Epiphyseal plate metaphyses contain a layer of hyaline cartilage
Articular cartilage composed of hyaline covers both epiphysis
Periosteum bone's exterior is covered with tough connective tissue membrane
medullary cavity hollow center of the bony diaphysis
What lines the medullary cavity? Endosteum
The endosteum lines what as well? spongy bone of the epiphysis
What do both periosteum and endosteum contain? Osteoblasts and osteoclasts
Yellow Marrow fat substance found between medullary cavity
red marrow found within cavities of spongy bone and produce blood cells
nutrient artery large arety that enters compact bone near the middle of diaphysis
Where does the nutrient artery senf blood branches to the proximal and distal portions which supply blood to inner layer of compact bone, spongy bone, adn red marrow
Nutrient Foramen is a foramen through which the nutrient artery enters.
Compact (cortical) bone composed of repeating units of osteons, with each unit having a central (Haversian) canal running longitudinally
periosteum
What do central canals contain? contains blood vessels, lymphatic vessels, and nerves that serve compact bone tissue.
Created by: talennna