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organelles

organelle function

TermDefinition
cell wall -brick wall -protects , shapes , and supports -only in plant cells
cell membrane -gate or bouncer -regulates substances entering and exiting cells -separates cells -provides support -in both animal and plant cells
nucleus -boss -control center -directs cell's activities -in both animal and plant cells
nucleus membrane -brain -protects the nucleus -controls what goes in and out of the nucleus -in both animal and plant cells
chromosomes -cookbook -controls instructions -in both animal and plant cells
nucleolus -mommy -produce ribosomes -in both plant and animal cells
cytoplasm -jello -moves and holds all the organelles -in both animal and plant cells
chloroplast -money cell -captures suns energy to produce sugar (glucose) -sight of photosynthesis -in plant cells
mitochondrion -nucleus power source/plant -breaks down food into chemical energy (ATP) -site of most energy production/power source -in both animal and plant cells
ribosomes -synthesizes (makes) protein -in both plant and animal cells
endoplasmic reticulum -Collins Hill Road -part of delivery system -smooth ER: makes lipids; breaks down toxins -rough ER: houses ribosomes -in both plant and animal cells
Golgi apparatus -Fed-x -receives proteins & lipids -modifies, sorts, & packages proteins and lipids from the ER -in both plant and animal cells
vacuoles -storage bin -storage of water, salts, proteins, food, & waste product -in both plant and animal cells
vesicles -U-Haul truck -stores & moves materials between organelles -moves materials out of cells -in both plant an animal cells
lysosomes -trash can -breaks down old/damaged organelles -gets rid of waste -protects from foreign invaders -in animal cells only
cytoskeleton -turtles -give cells its shape -prevents it from collapsing -moves organelles within cytoplasm -in both plant and animal cells
centrioles -filing cabinet -helps organize cell division -in animal cells only
Created by: tbhtamia