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Pharm Final

Pharmacology lol

QuestionAnswer
Albuterol A selective beta-2 drugs, controls chronic asthma, and COPD
Aldosterone a Hormone released from adrenal glands cortex, that cause retention of Na and H2O from kidney
Azythromycin Macrolide antibiotic, treats chlamydia, syphilis, and gonorrhea, pneumonia, bacteriostatic class
Tetracyline bacteriostatic class, treat acne, std's, skin infection not for pregnant women
Erythromycin used in penicillin allergic patient for minor ear and throat infections, also treat std's
Seretide a steroid, and long acting beta agonist, used to treat asthma and COPD
Furosemide organic acid diuretic, promote water removal, lessens workload on failing heart, stop sodium retention of water but it get rid of all your electrolytes
Ducosate Sodium or Ducosate Calcium stool softener laxative, increase amount of water the stool absorbs, making easier to pass.
Mineral Oil stool softener laxative, increase amount of water the stool absorbs, making easier to pass.
Biscodyl stimulant laxative, cause liquid stool to be formed because of attraction to water
Regular Insulin short acting , clear solution onset 30mins and duration action up to 12 hrs
Lispro Insulin Fast acting insulin, onset about .25mins duration 2-5 hours
Milk of Magnesia osmotic laxative, this one will get rid of all your electrolytes
Metroprolol – beta blocker block the release of renin, in kidneys and works in the hear by decreasing cardiac output and Bp
Gentamycin for treatment of serous gram-infections, produce ortotoxicity, decrease renal function because they aren't metaboliced
Drug Chemical substance that produce a change in the body function
Contraindication situation or conditions when a certain drug should not be administered
Therapeutic Index Ratio of the LD50 and to the ED50 in animal studies
Indication Intended or indicated uses for any drug
Dose A measurement of the amount of drug that is administered
Maintenance Dose Dose Administered to maintain drug blood levels in the therapeutic range, daily dosage of cardiac glycoside that maintains effective drug levels in the blood
Half-Life Time required for the body to reduce the amount of drug in the plasma by one half
Bioavailability percentage of the drug into the bloodstream from its site of administration
Drug absorption entrance of a drug into the bloodstream from its side of administration
Biotransformation chemical alteration of a substance within the body as by the action of enzymes
Tolerance the ability of the body to alter its response to adapt to drug effects so that the effect are minimized over time
Dependence The state of being dependent as for support
Addiction a Chronic neurological disease in which genetics psychosocial and environmental factors induce changes in the individuals behavior to compulsive use drug despite the harm that may result
Compliance how well a patient's behavior follows medical advice
Loading Dose initial drug dose administered to Rapidly achieve therapeutic drug concentrations
Diuresis condition that causes the urine to be excreted
Anuria condition in which no urine is produced
Poluria Excessive urine production, increase urination
Oliguria condition in which very small amounts of urine is produced
Hypertension abnormally high blood pressure
Orthostatic Hypotension low blood pressure occurring in people when they stayed up
Penicillin bacteriocidal Antibiotic
Cephalosporin Bacteriocidal Antibiotic
Tetracycline Bacteriostatic Antibiotic
Aminoglycoside Bacteriocidal Antibiotic
Sulfonamindes Bacteriostatic Antibiotic
Flouroquinolones Bacteriocidal Antibiotic
Macrolides Bacteriostatic Antibiotic
GERD Treatment drugs including over the counter H2 Receptors antagonists imetidine (tagment) Ranitidine (Zantac) and Famotidine (Pepcid) Antacids Magnesium (MOM), Aluminum Hydroxide (Amphojel)Calcium Bicarbonate Gastric Stimulants like Metoclopramide, cisapride
GERD Treatment classes Histamine H2Receptor Antagonist end in "IDINE" Proton Pump Inhibitor end in "AZOLE" the fist line of treatment for GERD GI Stimulants - "METOCLOPRAMIDE"
What are common side effects of all antibiotics Minor GI disturbances and diarrhea, hypersensitivity or allergic reactions. High dose may cause bleeding problems CNS disturbances and possible seizures
What class of antibiotic can not be take with dairy or antacid Tetracyclines
What class must have peaks and troughs drawn Aminoglycosides Because they are broad spectrum antibiotics they inhibit bacterial protein synthesis They can also have an adverse effect on the ears and kidneys so the toxicity level should be monitored
What are the indications for use of a diuretic Diuretics increase urine excretion of both water and electrolytes. They inhibit electrolyte reabsorption from the lumen of the nephron, increasing osmolarity and enhancing water excretion. Conditions would include edema and hypertension
What stimulates the release of Renin Decreased blood flow to the kidney
Diuretics can cause a loss of electrolytes along with water. What electrolytes are lost? Chlorine (Cl), Potassium (K), and Sodium (Na)
What is Mycosis any disease caused by fungus
What antibiotic drugs are used to treat H.Pylori Bismuth and any of these two antibiotics: Amoxicillin, Tetracycline, Clarithromycin, Metrouidozole
what increases stomach acid Fatty foods, Alcohol, Stress, Caffeine
Beta Lactamase makes these antibiotics ineffective Penicillin Sephalosporins
Fluroquinolones class drugs are Ciprofloxacin
Penicillin Class drugs are Penicillin Amoxicillin
Cephalosporins class drugs are Rocephin
Aminoglycosides class drugs are Gentamycin
Sulfonamides class drugs are Trimethoprim
Sulfamethoxazole class drugs are Sulfamethoxazole
Macrolide Antibiotics class drugs are Erythromycin Azithromycin
Treatment for diarrhea Adsorbents, anticholinergics, opiates, and narcotic derivatives
Contraindication For Anticholinergic Drugs is Glaucoma because intra ocular pressure may increase
What is the treatment for Constipation Laxatives Emolients, Osmotic, GI Stimulants, Stool Softeners, swelling Agents
What classes of drugs will be used for ulcer treatment Penicillin- Amoxicillin Tetracycline- Tetracycline Macrolid Antibiotic- Clarithromycin
What class are these drugs Diphenoxylate, Loperamide, and Paragoric They are antidiarrheal Drugs They are Opiates and Narcotic Derivatives they are Anticholinergic and induce muscle spasms
Contrast of Laxatives vs. Cathartics Laxatives produce a mild gentle stimulus for defecation, Where as Cathartics produce a more intense action on the bowel to harden your bowel.
Comparison of Laxatives vs. Cathartics Both stimulate defecation act directly on intestine to alter stool formation
How do Stimulant laxatives work? They stimulate the stomach and contract of the upper GI
Define Active Vehicle the solution used to dissolve an antiseptic has separate definite ability to destroy microorganisms
What is an Antiseptic Prevent and control infection of living things
What is Disinfectant Prevent or control infection of non living things
What is Medical Asepsis Clean
What is Surgical Asepsis Sterile
What does Cidal mean Kills
What does Static mean Inhibit or slow the growth
What is digoxin Cardiac Glycoside help with CHF increases the force of contraction and reduces the heart rate
How do swelling agent laxatives work Natural fiber helps expands
How do osmotic laxatives work They water your shit down
Describe Myxedema Hypothyroidism-Decrease in thyroid function ( Slow Metabolism)
What is the role of Vitamin D in bone health its necessary for calcium to be absorbed
What is the role of Vitamin D in Calcitonin a hormone secreted by the thyroid that has the effect of lowering blood calcium without taking it from the bones
What are the classes of hypoglycemic drugs Insulin Oral Sulfonylureas Glucose Absorption inhibitors Antihypoglycemic drugs-Metformin
Lispro Insulin Fast Action onset 15-20min Peak 30-90min Duration 3-5hrs
Regular Insulin Onset 30min-1hr Peak 2-5hrs Duration 5-8 hours
70/30 Insulin Onset 30min Peak 2-4hours Duration 14-24hrs
NPH Insulin Long Lasting Onset 1-2hrs Peak 4-12hrs Duration 18-24 hrs
Blue Gram Stain (GM+)
Red Gram Stain (GM-)
What does the Gram stain tell us What antibiotic to use
which organs are affected by Aminoglycosides with its toxicity Ears and the kidneys
Tetracyclines can not be taken by Children & pregnant women
Tetracycline cant be taken with dairy products or antacids
Ciprofloxacin Flouroquinolones class Chronic Bacterial infection
What is mycosis an infection caused by fungus and can be systemic
What is dematophytic infection any kind of infection of the skin hair, nails and vagina Its a fungal infection
What is thrush Yeast of the mouth treated by nystatin
Created by: sillylili