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GU Quiz-Nursing III

ClassificationTrade/Generic MedicationsSide EffectsNursing Actions
Cephalosporins (anti-infective) Cefadroxil (duricef) GI upset Inquire about penicillins allergy because they might sensitive to this medication
Urinary Antiseptic (eradicates organism from GU tract) Nitrofurantoin (microbid, furadantin, macrodantin) -Stain teeth -Brown urine -Peripheral neuropathy Be alert to numbness or tingling of extremities
Sulfonamides (Bacteriostatic) TMP/SMX (bactrim, septra) Photo sensitivity, dizziness and nausea/vomiting Monitor I&O and be alert of adverse effect
Diuretics Furosemide (lasix) Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) Decrease BP which can be a side effect but also a therapeutic effect -Causes potassium loss so be proactive to prevent hypokalemia -Give in the morning -Increase risk of digoxin toxicity
Anticholinergic (relief of dysuria and spasm) Oxybutynin (ditropan) Belladonna and Opium (B&O suppository) -Dry mouth -Urinary retention -Constipation -Blurred vision -Drowsiness Contraindicated in some cases of glaucoma and be alert of voiding problems
Steroid - Cortisteroids Prednisone -Hypokalemia -Slowed wound healing -GI upset -Increase risk for infection DO NOT STOP ABRUPTLY -slowly wean off
GU Tract Analgesic (Treat burning sensation) Phenazopyridine (pyridium) Headache and N/V Urine will be orange to red
Cholinergic (Urinary retention and post op abdominal distension) Bethanechol (urecholine) Hypotension and bradycardia -Monitor BP and pulse -Teach sit/stand slowly -ONLY PO OR SUBQ
Cranberry (acidify the urine to prevent/treat UTI and prevent renal calculi) Cranberry pills or juice May interfere with other drugs Teach the client to inform HCP if they are taking this
Saw Palmetto (reduce prostate enlargement) Saw Palmetto GI upset Anticoagulant Take with food and be alert of bleeding
Antimicrobial Quinolones Ciprofloxacin (cipro) Levoflaxacin (levaquin) Norflaxacin (noroxin) Calcium, caffeine and antacids interfere with drug absorption plus it causes photo sensitivity Give 1 hour before or 2 hours after food or drink and avoid the sun
Antimicrobial Penicillins Amoxicillin (amoxil) GI upset Give with food
Created by: nonelily