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Child Health: Presch

PVAMU: Growth and Development: Preschooler (Exam 1)

Preiod between ____ years of age 3 to 6 years
Grows ___ inches per year 2.5 to 3 inches
Gains ___ pounds per year 5 lbs
Average weight of a 3 year old is _(1)_ increasing to _(2)_ pounds by 5 years old (1) 32 lbs (2)41 lbs
Around ____ years old permanet teeth begin to emerge 6 years old
Preschooler should have ___ deciduous teeth 20
Stool passage usually occurs____times a day once or twice
Bladder control is present by ____. 4 to 5 years old
Initiative Vs Guild Feeling pride in one's accomplishment helps the child to use initiative. However, when the child extends himself or herself further than current capabilities allow, he or she may feel a sense of guilt.
Gross Motor Skills: 4 Years Throws ball overhand~Kicks ball forward Catches bounced ball~Hops on one foot~Stands on one foot up to 5 seconds ~Alternates feet going up and down steps~Moves backward and forward with agility
Gross Motor Skills: 5 Years Stands on one foot 10 seconds or longer~Swings and climbs well~May skip Somersaults~May learn to skate and swim
Fine Motor Skills: 4 Years Uses scissors successfully~Copies capital letters~Draws circles and squares~Traces a cross or diamond~Draws a person with two to four body parts~Laces shoes
Fine Motor Skills: 5 Years Prints some letters~Draws person with body and at least six parts~Dresses/undresses without assistance~Can learn to tie laces Uses fork, spoon, and knife (supervised) well~Copies triangle and other geometric patterns~Mostly cares for own toileting needs
Speech may sound ____. Choppy (telegraphic speech)
Suttering usually has its onset around ____ years old 2-4 years old
Children thirve on ____ communication with parents. one-to-one
Preschoolers paly ____ with one another cooperatively
Concerns: 4 Years Cannot jump in place or ride a tricycle~Cannot stack four blocks~Cannot throw ball overhand~Does not grasp crayon with thumb and fingers~Difficulty with scribbling~Cannot copy a circle~Does not use sentences with three or more words (pg 148)
Concerns: 5 Years Unhappy or sad often~Little interest in playing with other children~Unable to separate from parent without major protest~Is extremely aggressive~Is extremely fearful or timid, or unusually passive~Cannot build tower of six to eight blocks (pg 148)
Asking ______ stimulates the development of thinking as well as language in the preschool child open-ended
Preschooler's storng engagement in fantasy makes it difficult to understand _____ relationships cause and effect
The preschooler weight _(1)_ pounds should ride in a _(2)__. (1) 40 to 80 lbs (2) booster seat
When can a child ride in the seat of a car? When child is large enough to sit up straight with knees bent at the front edge of the seat.
Major injuries are caused by _____. Car accidents
Exposure to tobacco smoke is associated with increased risk for _____. Ottis media and respiratory infections
The 3-5 year old requires _(1)_ calcium and _(2)__ iron daily (1) 500-800 mg (2) 10 mg
Calcium Rich Foods: whole milk, yogurt, cheddar cheese, dried white beans, tofu, medium orange, mashed sweet potatoes, & broccoli.
Iron Rich Foods: Fortified prepared cereal, beef, cooked lentils, chicken breast, spinach, tofu, & enriched bread.
After a nightmare the child is ____. aroused and interactive
Night Terrors A short time after falling asleep, the child seems to awaken and is screaming. Child usually doesn't respond much to the paretn's soothing...eventually stops screaming and goes back to sleep.
Child starts to understand other people's _(1)_ and are cognitively able to remeber basic _(2)__. (1) feelings [empathy] (2) rules
Lying occurs because ____. The child fears punishment and has gotten carried away with imagination.
Created by: sparklerobinson