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NALS Chapter9_75499

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Adjudicate Judge
Appellate Jurisdiction Authority of a court to review cases tried in lower courts
Bailiff the peace officer of the court responsible for keeping order and maintaining appropriate courtroom decorum
Bar a collective noun refer to all attorneys admitted to practice law in a given state or court system
Bar association an organization of attorneys admitted to practice law in a given state or court system
Bench a term that refer to indirectly to a judge in a given court
Bench Trial Trial by a judge rather than a jury
Case law law established by judicial decisions made in court cases
Civil action An action brought by one party against another to resolve a controversy
civil law Law that is based on a series of written codes or laws
clerk of court Administrator or chief clerical officer of the court
Closed hearing A hearing at which members of the general public are not allowed as spectators
Common Law Law based on precedent; Case Law
Concurrent Jurisdiction Jurisdiction granted in different courts at the same time over the same matter and within the same territorial limit
Constitutional law Law set forth in the in constitution of the united states and in state constitutions
Contempt of court the refusal to obey a court order
court Tribunal with judicial authority to handle administration of justice
Court reporter A person who usually sits in the court while it is in session and records all proceedings verbatim
Court rules Regulations with the force of law governing practice and procedure in the various courts
Criminal action Generally bought by the people through a government (either federal or state) against the person or persons accused of a crime
diversity of citizenship A term used to indicate that at least two parties to a law suit are citizens of more than one state
Docket (1) Trial docket is a calendar of cases to be tried in a certain term of court or specific courtroom. (2) in law office the docket is the day's agenda, including appointments, hearings, and files to be handled
Monetary Jurisdiction The limitaion on dollar amount that a court may award
Notion Days Days set, typically by state courts, for the regular hearing of motions and other specified legal matters
Officers of the court Individuals who are involved the court system, including judges, clerks, attorneys, bailiffs, sheriffs, and marshals
Open hearing A hearing the public may attend
Original jurisdiction The authority to a court to hear and determine a matter for the first time
Precedent Law created by case decisions previously made
Pro se Term used to designate a person who represents himself or herself in court
Procedural Law That body of laws that defines and describes the process to be followed to enforce substantive law
Statutory law Law enacted by congress, state legislatures, and local governments
Subject matter jurisdiction the authority of a court to render a binding judgment over the matter in dispute
substantive law The statutory or written law that governs rights and obligations of those who are subject to it
Term of court The term of the court refers to a specific session in which a court is hearing a case
Territorial Jurisdiction The actual jurisdiction area over which the court has authority
Venue Authority of a court to hear a matter based on geographical location
Writ of certiorari An order by the appellate court requiring the lower or trial court to surrender jurisdiction to the appellate court for duration of the appeal
Created by: Labria