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6 Science Test 3A

classification The process of grouping things based on their similarities.
scientific name The name given to each species, consisting of its genus and its species label
vertebrate an animal with a backbone
invertebrate an animal without a backbone
arthropods invertebrates that have external skeletons, joint appendages, and segmented bodies
exoskeleton A outer body covering, typically made of protein andchitin, that provides support and protection
chitin a tough material that helps make up an arthropod's external skeleton
antennae a part of an insect that helps it feel, hear, and taste
spiracles breathing tubes of insects located on abdomen
metamorphosis change of form
complete metamorphosis Insect development consisting of four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult
incomplete metamorphosis Insect development consisting of three stages: egg, nymph, and adult
molt Process of shedding exoskeleton while new one grows beneath old on
entomologist a scientist who studies insects
nocturnal active at night
arachnids spiders, harvestmen, scorpions, ticks and mites
cephalothorax The body region of a spider composed of the head and thorax fused together
setae sensitive hairs found on a spider's body that give the spider its sense of touch
book lung the breathing organ of a spider made up of several thin sheets of tissue filled with blood vessels
ballooning the method by which young spiders sail through the air on silk strands that carry them from their place of birth to new homes
spinnerets tubelike structures in a spider's abdomen that the spider uses to make silk threads
jumping spider spider with excellent eyesight ; pounces on insects
Goliath birdeater the largest tarantula
water spider a spider that lives its entire life underwater in its specially built house
scorpion arachnid with a long tail that has a poisonous needlelike point
brown recluse a spider that is poisonous to humans and is recognizable by its dark violin-shaped mark on top of its body and its six eyes grouped in three pairs
house spider a spider that weaves cobwebs in the corners of a house and destroys tiny household pests
trap-door spider a spider that digs a hole in the ground, covers it with a trap door; and preys on insects that walk by
spitting spider a spider that spits out a pair of strong sticky threads to catch an insect
harvestman an arachnid with eight long, scrawny legs and a round body made of only one body section; sometimes called daddy longlegs
mites the smallest arachnids; some can be seen only with a microscope
funnel weaver spider a spider that shapes its web like a funnel with the broad opening facing upward and the narrow opening pointing toward the ground
platform spider a spider that blankets a small section of ground with a sheet web
tarantulas the largest spiders in the world
fishing spider a spider that can easily move across the surface of the water to catch insects and small frogs
tick an arachnid that feeds on the blood of living creatures
ogre-faced spider spider that makes a tiny silk net to catch insects
black widow a spider that is poisonous to humans and is recognizable by a red, orange, or yellow hourglass on its abdomen
homoptera (same wings) aphids, treehoppers, leaf hoppers
orthoptera (straight wings) grasshoppers, katydids, crickets, cockroaches
diptera (two wings) flies, gnats, mosquitoes
hemiptera (half wings) bedbugs, squash bugs, stinkbugs, water striders
lepidoptera (scaled wings) butterflies, moths
odonata (toothed wings) dragonflies, damselflies
hymenoptera (membrane wings) bees, wasps, ants
coleoptera (sheath wings) all beetles
two kingdoms of Linnaeus' system animal and plant
three body regions of an insect head, thorax and abdomen
number of legs of an insect 6
How many pairs of wings does an insect have? 1 or more pairs of wings
two body regions of a spider abdomen and cephalothorax
number of legs a spider has 8
Created by: Mrs_CC