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Antibiotics

Nursing Pharmacology Antibiotic Therapy

QuestionAnswer
Which class of ABx is Sulfamethoxazole? Sulfonamides: Bacteriostatic Prevent synthesis of folic acid
Which class of ABx is Sulfisoxazole Sulfonamides: Bacteriostatic Prevent synthesis of folic acid
What are Adverse Effects of Sulfonamides? Hemolytic and aplastianemia, agranulocytosis, thrombocytopenia Photosensitivity, exfoliative dermatitis, SJS epidermal necrolysis N&V, Diarrhea, pancreatitis, convulsions, cephalgia, liver and kidney problems
What is the prototype of the sulfonamides class? Cotrimoxazole- Indications- UTI, Acut OM, chronic bronchitis, traveler's diarrhea Orall route, rapid abosobtion
What are 4 major sub-classes of Beta Lactam Antibiotics? Penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapenems, and monobactams
When was penicillin first introduced? 1940
What broad spectrum antibiotic is bactericidal (inhibits cell wall synthesis) Penicillin
What enzyme do some bacteria produce to become resistant to penicillins? B-lactamase
Which types of bacteria is susceptible to PCN? gram positive
What other sub-class of Beta Lactams is a patient also likely to be allergic to if they have an allergy to PCN? Cephalosporins
Created by: 500020817