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Cell

TermDefinition
cell functional unit of life
prokaryotic lack nuclear membrane. simple structure
eukaryotic nucleus. more complex. cells of plants, animals, fungi, protists
flagella whip like structure. helps them move.
biofilm ex: plaque.
cytoskeleton found in plants (cell walls), fungi (chitin), some protists
nucleus controls cells activities
nucleolus region where ribosomal RNA is synthesized
chromosomes consists of DNA wrapped around proteins
nuclear envelope double membrane. surrounds nucleus
nuclear pores control entry and exit of materials
histones most common proteins
rough ER make proteins. has ribosomes. transported by ER
smooth ER does not have ribosomes. transport lipids and makes fats
protein synthesis occurs on ribosomes that are free floating in he cytoplasm and on ribosomes attached to ER
Golgi apparatus post office. sorts and packages.
lysosomes formed by Golgi apparatus. digestion.
phagocytosis cell bringing something in
glyoxisomes found in plants. convert fat into sugar
peroxisomes removes toxins from cytoplasm
mitochondria double membrane. energy.
chloroplasts makes energy for plant. thylakoids trap light for photosynthesis.
amyloplasts synthesize and store starch in roots and tubes.
chromoplasts color
central vacuole stores water in plants
pinocytosis drinking
phagocytosis eating
osmosis water moving through a selective permeable membrane
Created by: katiekolbow