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Atmosphere the blanket of gases that surrounds our planet
Biosphere all organisms on Earth as well as the environments in which they live
Geosphere the area from the surface of Earth down to its center
Hydrosphere all the water on Earth, including the water in the atmosphere
Dependent Variable factor in an experiment that can change if the independent variable is changed
Independent Variable factor that is manipulated by the experimenter in an experiment
Hypothesis a testable explanation of a situation
Scientific Law a principle that describes the behavior of a natural phenomenon
Scientific Theory an explanation based on many observations during repeated experiments; valid only if consistent with observations, can be used to make testable predictions, and is the simplest explanation; can be changed or modified with the discovery of new data
Cleavage a smooth break
Fracture a rough break
Hardness a measure of how easily a mineral can be scratched
Luster the way a mineral reflects light
Streak -is the color of a mineral when it is broken up and powered -tested on a porcelain plate
Fractional Crystallization process in which different minerals crystallize from magma at different temperatures, removing elements from magma
Partial Melting process in which different minerals melt into magma at different temperatures, changing its composition
Pegmatite vain deposits of extremely large grained minerals that can contain rare ores such as lithium and beryllium
Compare and contrast mass and weight mass is the amount of matter present in a body while weight is mass under the force of gravity
Explain naturally occuring not man made
Explain inorganic solid they are not made from living organisms
Explain specific chemical composition a chemical composition unique to that mineral, the majority are made from compounds
Explain definite crystalline structure a crystal is a solid in which the atoms are arranged in repeating patterns
Explain what physical properties could be used to tell the difference between Pyrite and Gold Scratch the gold and if it leaves a green mark then it's Pyrite. Gold has a shiny yellow streak.
Given the harness of two different minerals and explain what would happen if they rubbed together a diamond is 10 and talc
Explain how igneous rocks form when magma crystallizes and cools into a solid form.
Created by: selenamercado
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