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chapter 6

bi cameral a legislature consisting of two parts or houses .
census a poplulation
gerrymander an oddly shaped election district designed to increase the voting strength of a particular group
constituents a person from a legislator district.
majority party in both the house of representatives and the senate,political party to which more then half the members belong
minority party in both the house of representatives and the senate , the political party to which fewer than half the member belong
standing committee permanent committee that continues work from session to session in it congress.
seniority years of service,which is used as a consideration for assigning committee members
expressed powers powers that congress has that are specifically listed in the constitution .
implied powers powers that congress has that are not stated explicity in the constitution.
elastic clause clause in article 1, section 8 of the constitution that gives congress the right to make all laws necessary and proper to carry out its expressed powers
impeach to accuse government officials of misconduct in office
writ of habeas corpse a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person
bill of attainder a law that punishes a person accused of a crime without a trial or a fair hearing in court
ex post fact o law a law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed
franking privilege the right of the senators and representatives to send job- related mail without paying postage
lobbyist representatives of an interest group who contacts law makers or other government officials directly to influence their policy making
case work the work that a law maker does to help constituents with a problem
pork barrel project government project grant that primarily benefits the home district or state
joint resolution a resolution that is passed by both houses of congress
special -interest group an organiszation of people with some common interest who try to influence goverment decisions
filibuster a tactic for defeating a bill in the senate by talking until the bill sponsor with draws it
cloture a procedure used in the senate to limit debate on a bill
voice vote a voting method in which those in factor say yea and those against say no
standing vote in congress ,when members stand to be counted for a vote on a bill
rolt call vote a voting method in the senate in which memebers voice their votes in turn
veto a refusal to sign a bill or a resolution
pocket veto presidents power to kill a bill if congress is not in session by not signing for ten days