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Trial Vocab 1

Mock Trial

TermDefinition
affidavit a written statement sworn to before a person officially permitted by law to administer an oath
arraignment a pre-trial legal proceeding in which the accused is informed of the charges made against him, and enters a plea of guilty or not guilty
autopsy the medical examination of a dead body to find out the cause of death; this evidence is called "autoptic evidence"
bail the security or money that is paid by an accused for his release to ensure his reappearance in court
booking the process of fingerprinting, photographing, and recording the arrest of a person by the police
charge to the jury the advice or instruction that a judge gives to a jury on the law appropriate to the case under consideration
closing statement a speech made by a lawyer in which an attempt is made to summarize the case as presented
criminal charge the crime that an accused person is said to have committed
cross examination the questioning of a witness by an attorney of the opposite side during a legal proceeding abd after direct examination
defendant an accused person in a criminal case or the person from whom damages are sought to in civil action
direct examination the questioning of a witness for the first time by a lawyer
evidence any information including testimony, documents, or physical objects that a court allows a lawyer to introduce during a trial in order to influence the court and/or the jury
homocide the killing of another human being, although not necessarily a crime
intoxication the state or condition of a person who is legally considered to be "under the influence" of alcohol, where judgement is seriously affected, coordination impaired, and the percentage of blood alcohol is .10 or more
objection a point of order raised by a lawyer to the attempted introduction of evidence by the other side
objection overruled the words used by a judge when he disagrees with a lawyer who raised an objection (he may say this when he decides to allow a witness to answer particular question to be asked of him)
objection sustained the words used by the judge when he agrees with the lawyer who raised an objection (he may say this when he decides not to allow a witness to answer a particular question to be asked of him)
opening statement a speech made by a lawyer to a jury or judge in order to give an explanation of his view of the case
perjury the willful giving of false testimony under oath
probable cause reasonable grounds to believe that a crime has been committed justifying the action of the police in searching or arresting a suspect
reasonable doubt a term used to describe the kind and amount of uncertainty that a reasonable person might have in reaching a conclusion in ordinary matters; the reasonable doubt in the mind of a juror could justify an acquittal
second degree manslaughter the non-intentional killing of another human as a result of a very careless or illegal act; the causing of death of another person by culpable negligence whereby unreasonable risk is created
subpoena a court order requiring a person named in it to attend court in a case, under penalty for not doing so
testimony an oral statement of evidence given by a witness, while under oath, during a court proceeding
verdict the formal decision made by a jury at a trial
Created by: lightsy