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Landforms

World Geography Landforms

TermDefinition
Map drawing of the earth shown on a flat surface
Meridian one of many lines on the global grid running from the north pole to south pole; used to measure degrees of longitude
mountain range a series of connected mountain
mesa broad flat-topped land form with steep sides; smaller than a plateau
mountain land with steep sides that rises sharply (1,000 feet or more) from surrounding land; generally larger and more rugged than a hill
mountain peak pointed top of a mountain
mountain range a series of connected mountains
mouth of a river, place where a stream or river flows into a larger body of water
ocean one of the four major bodies of salt water that surround the continents
ocean currents stream of either cold or warm water that moves in a definite direction through an ocean
parallel one of many lines on the global grid that circles the earth north or south of the equator; used to measure degrees of latitude
pennisula body of land jutting into a lake or ocean, surrounded on three sides of water
physical features characteristics of a place occurring naturally, such as a land form, body of water, climate pattern, or resource
plain area of land, usually at low elevation and often covered with grasses
plateau are of level land, usually at low elevation and often covered with grasses
Prime Meridian line of the global grid running from North Pole to South Pole at Greenwich, England; starting point for measuring degrees of east and west longitude
relief changes in elevation over a given area of land
river large natural stream of water that runs through the land
sea large body of water completely or partly surrounded by land
seacoast land lying next to a sea or ocean
sound broad inland body of water, often between a coastline and one or more islands off the coast
source (of a river) place where a river or stream begins, often in highlands
strait narrow stretch of water joining two larger bodies of water
tributary small river or stream that flows into a large river or stream; branch of the river
upstream direction opposite the flow of the river; toward the source of a river or stream
valley are of low land usually between the hills or mountains
volcano mountain or hill created as liquid rock and ash erupt from inside the earth
Created by: RobertWalker