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Chapter 10 Lesson 1

Energy Transformations and Conservation

Energy The ability to do work or cause change.
State The form in which matter exists.
Solid Matter that has a definite shape and definite volume.
Liquid Matter that has definite volume but no shape of its own.
Gas Matter that has neither a definite shape nor a definite volume.
Freezing Point The temperature at which a solid freezes.
Boiling Point The temperature at which a liquid boils.
Potential Energy Energy that results from the position or shape of an object (i.e., a book on a shelf).
Kinetic Energy The energy that results from the motion of an object (i.e., a moving train).
Nuclear Energy Energy stored in the nucleus of an atom and released during a nuclear reaction.
Thermal Energy The total kinetic energy and potential energy of particles in an object (particles in objects are constantly in motion).
Electrical Energy Energy of electric charges (i.e., batteries, lightning).
Electromagnetic Energy A form of energy that travels through space in waves (i.e., the light you can see).
Chemical Energy The potential energy stored in chemical bonds, which hold atoms together (i.e., food).
Energy Transformation A change from one form of energy to another form of energy.
Law of Conservation of Energy The scientific principle that energy is neither lost nor created during transformation.
Friction The force that one surface exerts on another surface when two surfaces rub against each other.
Created by: kimboslice73