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# ES-Unit 1

### Unit 1: Scientific Inquiry

TermDefinition
Density equals Mass / Volume; value will be affected by temperature, pressure, how close atoms/molecules are to each other, and the size of the atoms.
Grams Units for Mass, Measured by triple-beam balance
Volume Units are Liters, measured with graduated cylinder, or length x width x height of a rectangular cube
Meters Units for length or distance
milli prefix for 1/1000 of a base unit
centi prefix for 1/100 of a base unit
kilo prefix for x1000 base units
Question What good science begins with, first step in the scientific method
Research Second step in scientific method, essential for gaining background knowledge
Hypothesis Third step in scientific method, an educated guess
Experiment Fourth step in scientific method, this is where we test our hypothesis and gather data
IUPAC International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry acronym (a.k.a. "The Metric System")
anemometer Measures wind speed
elevation distance above sea level
depth distance below sea level
Boiling point 100 degrees Celsius, 212 degrees Fahrenheit
Freezing point 0 degrees Celsius, 32 degrees Fahrenheit, 273 Kelvin
independent variable The variable "I" change in an experiment, determined prior to starting the experiment
dependent variable The responding variable, the value that is measured as the experiment is conducted
quantitative numeric type of observation
qualitative Observation made with 5 senses
inference a hypothesis or conclusion drawn from information we have collected. A guess or assumption based on data.
constant a variable that we keep the same with all our test groups
control one of the test groups set aside to have the "normal" conditions applied, we compare it to other test groups where we have applied our independent variable
conclusion The last step in the scientific method where we draw inferences based on data, not personal preferences.
Cardinal Directions North, South, East, West
Ordinal Directions Northeast, Northwest, Southeast, Southwest
Created by: tejneckyc

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