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VNSG 1400

Diabetes Mellitus 1 of 3

Diabetes Mellitus metabolic disorder of the pancreas affecting carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism
Diabetes Mellitus is..... metabolic disorder chronic disorder endocrine disorder autoimmune disorder
insulin secreted by the beta islet cells, lowers blood glucose levels
glucagon secreted by the alpha islet cells, raises blood glucose levels (70-110)
somatostatin secreted by the delta islet cells, inhibits release of both insulin and glucagon
pancreatic polypeptide controls exocrine secretion
Type 1 diabetes mellitus accounts for approximately 10% pancreas produced NO INSULIN usually during the childhood years onset is rapid-over a period of weeks or months people MUST INJECT INSULIN SEVERAL TIMES PER DAY OR CONTINUALLY INFUSE INSULIN THROUGH A PUMP
Functions of Insulin 1. carries glucose into cells as their preferred source of energy 2. it promotes the liver's storage of glucose as glycogen 3. it inhibits the breakdown of glycogen back into glucose
INSULIN without insulin the blood glucose level rises the body breaks down fat and protein for alternative sources of cellular energy glucose cannot enter the cell bc the insulin hasn't "unlocked" the key
Type II Diabetes Mellitus insulin resistance or insufficient insulin producion/ more common in aging adults/ younger people are being diagnose, especially obese children/treated with diet and exercise/80% are obese and weight loss often corrects the imbalance/if not, medications a
Hyperglycemia the blood sugar is going up because the body begins to break down stored fat and converting it to glucose when fat is metabolized, ketones are released and excreted in the urine as acetone
ketones product of fat metabolism
Created by: akgalyean