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Blood, lymphatic & i

Gylys & Masters Chapter 6

TermMeaning
antigen Substance that, when entering the body, prompts the generation of antibodies, causing an immune response
anti- against
gen forming, producing, origin
autoimmune Type of immune response by the body against its own cells or tissues
capillaries Microscopic blood vessels that connect the ends of the smallest arteries (arterioles with smallest veins (venules) of the circulatory system
hematopoiesis Production and development of blood cells, normally in the blood marrow
immune response Defense function of the body that protects it against invading pathogens, foreign tissue and malignancies
immunodeficiency Decreased or compromised ability to fight disease or a condition resulting from a defective immune mechanism
interstitial fluid fluid between cells and tissue spaces
lymphocte Type of white blood cell (WBC) found in the lymph nodes, spleen, bloodstream, and lymph that functions in the body's immune system by recognizing and deactivating foreign substances (antigens)
hemat/o blood
-poiesis formation, production
lymph/o lymph
-cyte cell
momocytes Large white blood cells formed in the bone marrow that circulate in the bloodstream and destroys pathogenic bacteria though phagocytosis
mono- one
-cyte cell
oncology Branch of medicine concerned with the study of cancerous growths (malignancies)
onc/o tumor
-logy study of
pathogens Any microorganism capable of producing disease
path/o disese
-gen forming, producing, origin
transfusion Collection of blood or blood component from a donor followed by its infusion into a recipient
Four blood types A, B, AB, O
Universal recipient (blood) AB
Universal donor (blood) O
hematologists Physicians who specialize in the study and treatment of blood and blood disorders
immunologist medical specialist who studies and treat the body's defense mechanism against invasion of foreign substances that carries disease
agglutination process by which particles are caused to adhere and form into clumps
embolectomy excision of an embolus. It may be done surgically or by use of enzymes that dissolve the clot
erythrocyte red blood cell
hemophobia fear of blood
hematoma tumor composed of blood (usually clotted)
leukocyte white blood cell
myelogenic pertaining to producing, or originating in bone marrow
thrombolysis dissolution of a blood clot
venous pertaining to a vein
adenopathy disease of a gland
immunogen producing immunity or an immune response
lymphopoiesis formation of lymphocytes or lymphoid tissue
lymphadenitis inflammation of a lymph gland
lymphangioma tumor of a lymph vessel
phagocyte cell that ingest (and destroy microorganisms and other cell debris)
splenomegaly enlargement of the spleen
thymoma tumor of the thymus gland
leukemia white blood; hematological malignancies of bone marrow cells
macrophage eating or swallowing large (pathogens); monocyte that transforms into a phagocyte capable of ingesting pathogens
anaphylaxis against protection; exaggerated, life-threatening hypersensitivity (allergic) reaction to a previously encountered antigen
hemopoiesis formation or production of blood
hemostasis standing still of blood
microcyte small (red) cell
mononucleosis abnormal increase of mononuclear (leukocytes in the blood)
agglutin/o clumping, gluing
embol/o embolus (plug)
erythr/o red
hem/o blood
hemato blood
leuk/o white
myel/o bone marrow; spinal cord
thromb/o blood clot
ven/o vein
-ation process
-ectomy excision, removal
-cyte cell
-phobia fear
-oma tumor
-ic pertaining to
-iysis separation; destruction; loosening
-ous pertaining to
-pathy disease
-poiesis formation, production
-itis inflammation
-megaly enlargement
aden/o gland
immun/o immune, immunity, safe
lymph/o lymph
lymphaden/o lymph gland (node)
lymphangi/o lymph vessel
phag/o swallowing, eating
splen/o spleen
thym/o thymus gland
-emia blood condition
-phage swallowing, eating
-phylaxis protection
-poiesis formation, production
-stasis standing still
macro- large
micro- small
mono- one
leuk/o white
macro- large
ana- ahainst; up; back
nucle nucleus
-osis abnormal condition; increase (used primary with blood cells)
anemia Blood disorder characterized by deficiency of red blood cell production and hemoglobin, increase red blood cell destruction, or blood loss
an without, not
aplastic Failure of bone marrow to produce stem cells because it has been damaged by disease, cancer, radiation, or chemotherapy drug; rare but serious form of anemia
pernicious Deficiency of erythrocyte due to inability to absorb vitamin B12 into the body, which plays a vital role in hematopoiesis
sickle cell hereditary disorder of anemia characterized by crescent or sickle-shaped erythrocytes; particularly prevalent among persons of African descent
thalassemia Group of hereditary anemias caused by an inability to produce hemoglobin; usually seen in people of Mediterranean origin
hemophilia Group of hereditary bleeding disorders characterized by a deficiency of one of the factors necessary for coagulation of blood
leukemia Malignant disease of the bone marrow characterized by excessive production of leukocytes
thallass/o sea
-philia attraction for
acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) Deficiency of cellular immunity induced by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), characterized by increasing susceptibility to infections, malignancies, and neurological diseases
Hodgkin disease Malignant disease characterized by painless, progressive enlargement of lymphoid tissue (usually first evident in cervical lymph nodes), splenomegaly, and the presence of unique Reed-Sternberg cells in the lymph nodes
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) retrovirus that causes AIDS
immunodeficiency disease Any group of diseases caused by a defect in the immune system and generally characterized by susceptibility to infections and chronic diseases
Kaposi sarcoma malignancy of connective tissue, including bone, fat, muscle and fibrous tissue that is commonly fatal (because the tumors readily metastasize to various organs) and closely associated with AIDS
sarc flesh (connective tissue)
-oma tumor
lymphadenitis Inflammation and enlargement of the lymph nodes, usually as a result of infection
lymph lymph
aden gland
-itis inflammatio
lymphedema Debilitating condition of localized fluid retention and tissue swelling caused by a blockage in the lymphatic system that prevents lymph fluid in the upper limbs from draining adequately
-edema swelling
Created by: bdbrinegar