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DHO Chapter 16-CK

First Aide

TermDefinition
abrasion Injury caused by rubbing or scraping the skin.
amputation The cutting off or separation of a body part from the body.
avulsion A wound that occurs when tissue is separated from the body.
bandages Material used to hold dressings in place, secure splints, and support and protect body parts.
burn Injury to body tissue caused by heat, caustics, radiation,and/or electricity.
cardiopulmonary resuscitation Procedure of providing oxygen and chest compressions to a victim whose heart has stopped beating.
cerebrovascular accident Also called a stroke, or apoplexy an interrupted supply of blood to the brain, caused by formation of a clot, blockage of an artery, or rupture of a blood vessel.
convulsion Also called a seizure, a violent involuntary contraction of muscles.
diabetic coma An unconscious condition caused by an increased level of glucose and ketones in the bloodstream of a person with diabetes mellitus.
diaphoresis Profuse or excessive perspiration, or sweating.
dislocation Displacement of a bone at a joint.
dressing covering placed over a wound or injured part.
fainting Partial or complete loss of consciousness caused by a temporary reduction in the supply of blood to the brain.
first aid Immediate care given to a victim of an injury or illness to minimize the effects of the injury or illness.
fracture A break (usually, a break in a bone or tooth).
frostbite Actual freezing of tissue fluid resulting in damage to the skin and underlying tissue.
heart attack A reduction in the supply of blood to the heart resulting in damage to the muscle of the heart.
heat cramps Muscle pain and spasm resulting from exposure to heat and inadequate fluid and salt intake.
heat exhaustion condition resulting from exposure to heat and excessive loss of fluid through sweating.
heat stroke Medical emergency caused by prolonged exposure to heat, resulting in high body temperature and failure of sweat glands.
hemorrhage Excessive loss of blood. bleeding.
hypothermia Condition in which body temperature is below normal, usually below 95F (35C) and often in the range of 78-95F (26-35C).
incision Cut or wound of body tissue caused by a sharp object; surgical cut.
infection Invasion by organisms; contamination by disease- producing organisms, or pathogens.
insulin shock Condition that occurs in individuals with diabetes when there is an excess amount of insulin and low level of glucose in the blood.
laceration Wound or injury with jagged, irregular edges.
poisoning Condition that occurs when contact is made by any chemical substance that causes injury, illness, or death.
puncture Injury caused by a pointed object such as a needle or nail.
shock CLinical condition characterized by various symptoms and resulting in an inadequate supply of blood and oxygen to body organs, especially the brain and heart
sprain Injury to a joint accompanied by stretching or tearing of the ligaments.
strain Injury caused by excessive stretching, overuse, or misuse of a muscle.
triage A method of prioritizing treatment.
wound An injury to tissues.
Created by: cierrakenerly
 

 



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