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LA flashcards

Poetic terms and Devices

Stanza A grouping of lines,separated by a space.
Rhyme Scheme A pattern of rhyming words or sound, shown using the lowercase letters of the alphabet.
End Rhyme A word at the end of one line rhymes with a word at the end of another line.
Internal Rhyme A word inside a line that rhymes with another word on the same line.
Near Rhyme Also known as imperfect or "close enough" rhyme.The words share EITHER the same vowel or consonant sound BUT NOT BOTH.
Figurative Language Used to make the literature more interesting by using words and expressions that have more than just a literal meaning.
Alliteration Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words.
Allusion A reference to someone or something famous, used to stimulate ideas,associations,and extra information in a reader's mind with only a word or two.
Analogy Comparison of two or more unlike things in order to show a similarity in their characteristics. Main Types are Simile and metephor
Simile Comparison of two unlike things using "like" or "as."
Metaphor Comparison of two unlike things where one word is used to designate the other (one is the other).
Extended Metephor Continues for several lines or possibly the entire length of a work.
Idiom the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expressions. It means something other than what it actually says.
Imagery Language that provides a sensory experience using sight,sound,smell,touch,taste,or the five senses.
Hyperbole An intentional exaggeration or overstatement,often used for emphasis and,often,humor.
Onomatopoeia Words that imitate the sound that they are naming.
Oxymoron Combines two usually opposite terms in a short paradox (contradictory phrase),as in the word bittersweet or the phrase living death.
Personification A nonliving thing or animal is given human or life-like qualities.
Symbolism The use of a word or object which represents a deeper meaning than the words themselves.It can be a material or a written sign used to represent something invisible.
Couplet A poem of only two lines.Both lines have an end rhyme and the same beat.Often found at the end of a sonnet.
Haiku Japanese style poem written in three lines.Focus traditionally on nature.Lines respectively are five syllables,seven syllables ,and five syllables.
Quatrain Stanza/short poem containing four lines.Lines 2 and 4 must rhyme,while lines 1 and 3 may/may not rhyme.Variations in rhyming patterns.
Poet The author of the poem,the person who actually wrote it.
Speaker The narrator of the poem,the voice telling us the thoughts/story.
Created by: rithvin16