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LEJA 201 Ch 1

QuestionAnswer
T/F Under common law doctrine, the legal system the American colonists brought from England, a juvenile age 7 or older could receive the same punishment as an adult. True
Where was the first juvenile court founded? Cook County, Illinois
What does the term parens patriae mean? a legal doctrine in which the state plays the role of a parent. State as parent.
What is jurisdiction? The authority granted by law to hear a case.
T/F The authority granted by law to hear a case is called jurisdiction. True
What is a status offense? acts committed by juveniles that would not be considered crimes if adults committed them.
T/F A status offense would not be considered a crime if committed by an adult. True
What is adjudication? Decision by a juvenile court judge that the juvenile committed the delinquent act.
T/F A decision by a juvenile court judge that a juvenile committed the delinquent act is called adjudication. True
What is a delinquency? Any behavior that is prohibited by the juvenile law of state.
Any behavior that is prohibited by the juvenile law of state is called... delinquency
Which of the following is not a status offense? a.Running away from home b. violating curfew c. skipping school d. smoking marijuana e. incorrigibility smoking marijuana
What is the upper age limit for most juvenile courts that may hear a case? 17
What is aftercare? A procedure by which a juvenile is removed from the juvenile justice process and provided with treatment services.
A procedure by which a juvenile is removed from the juvenile justice process and provided with treatment services is called... aftercare
What is intake? The procedure by which juvenile court staff decides whether to process the case further in court, handle the case informally, or dismiss the case.
The procedure by which juvenile court staff decides whether to process the case further in court, handle the case informally, or dismiss the case is called... intake
What is victim restitution? A sanction by which a juvenile offender pays the victim for the harm done by the juvenile.
A sanction by which a juvenile offender pays the victim for the harm done by the juvenile is called... victim restitution
A sanction requiring a juvenile offender to perform a predetermined number of hours of volunteer work is called... community service
What is community service? A sanction requiring a juvenile offender to perform a predetermined number of hours of volunteer work.
What is probation? A disposition, imposed by the court, allowing the adjudicated offender to remain in the community as long as the offender abides by certain conditions.
A disposition, imposed by the court, allowing the adjudicated offender to remain in the community as long as the offender abides by certain conditions is called... probation
When a juvenile is sent to an institution, camp, ranch, or group home is called... residential placement
What is residential placement? When a juvenile is sent to an institution, camp, ranch, or group home
T/F The first documented case where the concept of parens patriae was questioned in a legal setting in the United States was the case of Ex Parte Crouse. True
What is the Ex Parte Crouse case? The first documented case where the concept of parens patriae was questioned in a legal setting in the United States
T/F Juveniles have always had the same rights in delinquency proceedings as adults have had in criminal proceedings. False
T/F Before the 20th century, juveniles were essentially chattel or property. True
T/F A religious group in early America who believed that through hard work, religion, and education a person could get closer to God was called Puritans. True
T/F The first American penal institution to address juvenile issues specifically was the Walnut street Jail in Philadelphia. True
Where was the first American penal institution to address juvenile issues specifically? Walnut street Jail in Philadelphia
The Juvenile court system in the US has been in existence since... 1899
What is in locos parentis? The legal concept of allowing the state to "act in place of the parents"
The legal concept of allowing the state to "act in place of the parents" is called in loco parentis
Who were the Child Savers? A group of progressive reformers in the late 1800s who were responsible for the creation of the juvenile justice system in the Unites States.
A group of progressive reformers in the late 1800s who were responsible for the creation of the juvenile justice system in the Unites States were called... The Child Savers
What is the Illinois Juvenile Court of 1899? First legislation in the United States to specifically provide for a separate system of juvenile justice.
Mens rea means... The guilty mind
What are the three periods of juvenile justice history? traditional period, the due process revolution, and the punitive period
during which period of juvenile justice history did passage of the Illinois Juvenile Court Act of 1899 occur? Traditional
During which period of juvenile justice history did children begin to be defined as persons with associated rights and protections? due process
During which period of juvenile justice history did the use of determinate sentences for juveniles occur? Punitive
T/F The Uniform Crime Report is compiled by the Department of Homeland Security. False
T/F The larger the family size, the more likely it is that a child in the family will be delinquent. True
T/F Juveniles are responsible for most crimes in the United States. False
T/F Risk factors put juveniles in greater risk of becoming delinquent while protective factors insulate a juvenile from becoming delinquent. True
Accurate records concerning juveniles who commit delinquent acts are sometimes difficult or impossible to obtain because of... confidentiality and sealing restrictions
What are risk factors? Variables that, by their presence or absence, are correlated with delinquency.
What are protective factors? Variables that correlate with not committing delinquent acts.
The amount of juvenile crime is measured by all but one of the following methods: experiments, official records, victimization surveys, self-report studies experiments
The amount of juvenile crime is measured by what methods? official records, victimization surveys, and self-report studies
According to the text, the most comprehensive official measure of crime in the United States is what? the Uniform Crime Report
The Uniform Crime Report is compiled by whom? Federal Bureau of Investigation
Where does the Uniform Crime Report get its data? crimes reported to the police and then reported to the FBI
Since 2006, the violent crime index for juveniles has dropped what percent? dropped nearly 12%
What is part of the violent crime index? murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault
What is a self-report study? a survey of crime victims
What is the funnel effect? The way in which the number of cases processed through the juvenile justice system decreases at each successive step.
What is the dark figure of crime? The phrase used to describe the number of crimes committed, but undiscovered or unreported.
An example of a victimless crime: murder, assault, larceny, auto theft, prostitution prostitution
A national survey of households on the subject of victimization that is conducted by the Bureau of Justice Statistics is called what? The National Crime Victimization Survey
Which child is least likely to be delinquent? the first born
The text offers several explanations for the general declines in juvenile crime beginning in 1994. Which of these explanations emphasizes the role of changes to policing strategies? community policing/ community justice explanation
Created by: me505