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NALS Chapter 4_75499

Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Application Term used to refer to the specific use of a computer and the job it can perform
back up a second copy of computer data made to avoid date loss in the even of a computer outage
Byte A unit that measure data. one byte is the equivalent of one letter, number, or punctuation mark (MG) is one million bytes; a gigabyte (GB) is one billion bytes
Case Management/ Electronic Case Filings the electronic filing system used in the federal court system
CD-ROM Compact Disk-Read Only Memory
Central Processing Unit the part of a computer system were all computations, sort sorting selecting, and data manipulation take place; oversees the use of the main memory and monitors in put and output operations
Data base A compilations of data fields and records that is collected, stored, and organized for later retrieval through sorting, searches, queries, etc.
Database Management system Software that is used to collect, store, and organize data into a data base
Document Management system A computerized Mechanism for naming, storing, and labeling documents for ease and accuracy of later retrieval
Electronic Filing filing electronically
Email The system of delivering and receiving messages using a modem, router, telephone line or cable, and communications software
Graphical user interface a system using icons and pictures to display menus and choices on a computer
Hardware The physical elements of a computer, such as a keyboard, monitor, printer, case or chassis, modem, scanner, and joy stick
Inout device Keyboard, mouse, optical character reader, imaging scanner, and voice recognition system.
Links Web addresses that contain an activated linkage to another location or website on the internet
Local Area Network The linking of computers within close proximity, i.e, in the same building
Metadata data store in a computer that shows who created, accessed, or revised a document, what changes were made and by whom, and the dates and times all this occurred
Microcomputers Small-sized computers often called personal or desktop computers
Minicomputers Mid-Sized, powerful computer often used as network servers
Open codes Codes that are invoked once to fret a change in line spacing, margins, tab setting, font changes, justification, and page numbering
Operating system Software that control the flow of information to and from the central processing unit and to and from the input/output devices
Output devices Computer Peripherals such as Monitors an printers
Peripherals Devices that are connected to a computer, such as terminals, tape drives, disk drives, modems and printers
Portable Computers Notebooks, laptops, handheld, tablets, and even smart phone qualify as portable comports
Software All programs needed to instruct, control, and operate he hardware of the computer systems such as flow charts, mauls, routines, training, and the like.
Trackpad A device found on many laptops that allows fingertips control of the cursor movement
Trackball A dvice with a ball on top that is rolled with the finger tips to move the cursor, while the base of the device remains stationary
universal resource locator The adress at which a website can be located
USB Drive Sometimes called memory sticks, flash drives, or thumb drives, these devices are plug into USB drives on a computer and contain the memory that functions like a hard drive.
Virus Computer code that can be copied into an existing computer program and make it self known by impeding correct function of the prgram
Web Browser a program that allows a computer user to expler the internet
Webcam A small expensive device that functions like a camera with it images being sent over the internet
Web page or Website An indidual site fond on the internet
wide area network The linking of computers that are located far apart, i.e., in different cities, through cables, fiber optics, or satellites
Zip drive A portable coputer device, now nearly obosolete do to the common usage of recorable CDs and DVDs
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