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Pregnancy Vocab

TermDefinition
Heartburn A form of indigestion felt as a burning sensation in the chest, caused by acid regurgitation into the esophagus.
Constipation A condition in which there is difficulty in emptying the bowels, usually associated with hardened feces
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) A congenital syndrome caused by excessive consumption of alcohol by the mother during pregnancy, characterized by retardation of mental development and of physical growth, particularly of the skull and face of the infant.
Folic Acid A vitamin of the B complex, found especially in leafy green vegetables, liver, and kidney.
Fetus An unborn offspring of a mammal, in particular an unborn human baby more than eight weeks after conception.
HcG Hormone a hormone produced by the syncytiotrophoblast, a portion of the placenta, following implantation.[
Uterus The organ in the lower body of a woman or female mammal where offspring are conceived and in which they gestate before birth; the womb.
Stillbirth The birth of an infant that has died in the womb (strictly, after having survived through at least the first 28 weeks of pregnancy, earlier instances being regarded as abortion or miscarriage).
Hemorrhoids A swollen vein or group of veins in the region of the anus.
Gestational Diabetes This is a type of diabetes that some women get during pregnancy. Between 2 and 10 percent of expectant mothers develop this condition, making it one of the most common health problems of pregnancy.
Spina Bifida A congenital defect of the spine in which part of the spinal cord and its meninges are exposed through a gap in the backbone. It often causes paralysis of the lower limbs, and sometimes mental handicap.
Pica An eating disorder that causes people to crave foods with no nutritional value.
Amniotic Sac The fluid-filled sac that contains and protects a fetus in the womb
Estrogen Any of a group of steroid hormones that promote the development and maintenance of female characteristics of the body
Testosterone A steroid hormone that stimulates development of male secondary sexual characteristics, produced mainly in the testes, but also in the ovaries and adrenal cortex.
Trimesters A period of three months, especially as a division of the duration of pregnancy.
Placenta A flattened circular organ in the uterus of pregnant eutherian mammals, nourishing and maintaining the fetus through the umbilical cord.
Umbilical Cord A flexible cordlike structure containing blood vessels and attaching a human or other mammalian fetus to the placenta during gestation.
Zygote A diploid cell resulting from the fusion of two haploid gametes; a fertilized ovum.
Embryo An unborn human baby, especially in the first eight weeks from conception, after implantation but before all the organs are developed.
Progesterone A steroid hormone released by the corpus luteum that stimulates the uterus to prepare for pregnancy
Miscarriage The expulsion of a fetus from the womb before it is able to survive independently, especially spontaneously or as the result of accident
Created by: kbradley