Busy. Please wait.

show password
Forgot Password?

Don't have an account?  Sign up 

Username is available taken
show password


Make sure to remember your password. If you forget it there is no way for StudyStack to send you a reset link. You would need to create a new account.
We do not share your email address with others. It is only used to allow you to reset your password. For details read our Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.

Already a StudyStack user? Log In

Reset Password
Enter the associated with your account, and we'll email you a link to reset your password.
Didn't know it?
click below
Knew it?
click below
Don't know
Remaining cards (0)
Embed Code - If you would like this activity on your web page, copy the script below and paste it into your web page.

  Normal Size     Small Size show me how

Chapter 1

The Political Landscape

government the formal vehicle through which policies are made and affairs of state are conducted (7)
social contract an agreement between the people and their government signifying their consent to be governed (7)
Social Contract Theory the belief that people are free and equal by natural right, and that this in turn requires that all people give their consent to be governed; espoused by Thomas Hobbes and John Locke and influential in the writing of the Declaration of Independence (8)
direct democracy a system of government in which members of the polity meet to discuss all policy decisions and then agree to abide by the majority rule (10)
indirect democracy a system of government that gives citizens the opportunity to vote for representatives who work on their behalf (10)
totalitarianism a form of government in which power resides in a leader who rules according to self interest and without regard for individual rights and liberties (11)
oligarchy a form of government in which the right to participate is conditioned on the possession of wealth, social status, military position, or achievement (11)
democracy a system of government that gives power to the people, whether directly or through elected representatives (11)
political culture commonly shared attitudes, beliefs, and core values about how government should operate (11)
personal liberty a key characteristic of the US democracy. Initially meaning freedom from governmental interference, today it includes demands for freedom to engage in a variety of practices without governmental interference or discrimination (11)
Thomas Hobbes --Proposed Social Contract Theory --Wrote Leviathon (1651) with views on humanity, citizenship, religion, and moral philosophy --Wanted a single ruler to put rights of weak over strong --Believed in equality, distribution of power and democracy
popular consent the principle that governments must draw their powers from the consent of the governed (12)
majority rule the central premise of direct democracy in which only policies that collectively garner the support of a majority of voters will be made into law (12)
popular sovereignity the notion that the ultimate authority in society rests with the people (12)
Five Functions of American Government 1. Establishing Justice 2. Insuring Domestic Tranquility 3. Providing for Common Defense 4. Promoting the General Welfare 5. Securing the Blessings of Liberty
political ideology the coherent set of values and beliefs about the purpose and scope of government that is helf by groups and individuals (20)
conservative one who believes that a government is best that governs least and that big government should not infringe on individual, personal and economic rights (21)
liberal one who favors governmental involvement in the economy and in the provision and social services and who takes an activist role in protecting the rights of women, the elderly, minorities, and the environment (21)
moderate a person who takes a relatively centrist of middle-of-the-road view on most political issues (22)
libertarian one who believes in limited government and no governmental interference in personal liberties (22)
John Locke --Proposed Social Contract Theory --Preservation of private property --Government must fit the people --Strong religious views
Created by: jesisarahsteph



Use these flashcards to help memorize information. Look at the large card and try to recall what is on the other side. Then click the card to flip it. If you knew the answer, click the green Know box. Otherwise, click the red Don't know box.

When you've placed seven or more cards in the Don't know box, click "retry" to try those cards again.

If you've accidentally put the card in the wrong box, just click on the card to take it out of the box.

You can also use your keyboard to move the cards as follows:

If you are logged in to your account, this website will remember which cards you know and don't know so that they are in the same box the next time you log in.

When you need a break, try one of the other activities listed below the flashcards like Matching, Snowman, or Hungry Bug. Although it may feel like you're playing a game, your brain is still making more connections with the information to help you out.

To see how well you know the information, try the Quiz or Test activity.

Pass complete!

"Know" box contains:
Time elapsed:
restart all cards